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Physical Env. test 1

Test review for Physical environment

What is the study of earth's surface and processes that shape it? Geography
What are the two types of Geography? Physical and Cultural
What is spatial location? Where objects or feature are located on the earth's surface. ex. coastal areas, mountains, cities, fields.
What is Spatial location? The study of how objects, people, or ideas are or are not related across space.
What is Physical geography? the study of the earth's physical processes, how the affect humans and how humans affect the processes.
What is Human(cultural) Geography? The spatial expressions of culture. ex population, literary, economics, ideas, language, and folklore.
List, in order, the steps of the scientific method. Observation, hypothesis, technique, test, and results.
What are the variables of the Earth System? Atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, biosphere.
Before time zones, how did people keep track of time in different areas of the world? local noon- every town kept track of their own time. and people who traveled a lot would have to change time constantly
How many degrees are time zones? and what is the only reason it would not be based on these degrees 15 degrees, and for political purposes or to fit a whole country into one time zone.
What is the international date line located at? and why? Located in the pacific ocean at 180 degrees longitude. located here to not bisect a country.
Where is the prime meridian located? and why? In grenwhich, england. England had a lot of political power, and everyone was already using them as 0 degrees longitude.
What is Longitude? Measure East to west, lines run from north to south. 0 degrees to 180 degrees.
What is latitude? Measures north to south, lines run east to west. equator marks the 0 degrees.
What are the benefits of using a smaller map? Small maps can show more detail of a specific area and the representative fraction is smaller
What is step one of the scientific method? Observation. Make an observation that requires an explanation
What is step two of the scientific method? Hypothesis. restate the observation as a hypothesis
What is step 3 of the scientific method? Technique. determine a technique for testing the hypothesis and collecting necessary data.
What is step 4 of the scientific method? Test-use the technique to test hypothesis.
What is step 5 of the scientific method? Results-Test supports or rejects hypothesis.
What is a map? Two dimensional or flat representation of earth or a portion of it.
What are the 8 features of a map? name/title, date, orientation device(Compass rose), scale, legends, location system(letter and number grid), data source and projection type
What is absolute location? Given a specific location, coordinates used to locate a place on a map. EX. Latitude & longitude, address
What is Relative location? Describing location in reference to something else that is more well known
What are the 3 types of scales on a map? Verbal(1in=1mile) Representative Fraction(1;400units) and bar scales.
What is the only map scale that stays accurate when the map is enlarged? The bar scale.
90 degrees N North pole
66.5 degrees N Arctic Circle
23.5 degrees N Tropic of cancer
0 degrees Equator
90 degrees S South Pole
66.5 degrees S Antarctic Circle
23.5 degrees S Tropic of capricorn
GPS uses a network of satellites to accurately determine ones location on earth's surface? True or false True
What is a Disadvantage of a map? It has a distortion
Discrete data is? Data that is represented on a map by a point, area, or line to show their location and distribution.
What's an example of continuous data? Elevation, temperature, air pressure.
Isolines are? A line on a map that connect points of the same numerical value.
What is GIS? Geographic information systems, the computer based technology that represents a marriage between computer cartography and database management.
What is Lambert's Law? A formula by which the intensity of insulation can be calculated by using the sun's zenith angle.
Who was Eratosthenes? A man who in 240 BC used geometry and solar observations to make an accurate estimate of Earth's Circumference
What is Declination? The latitude at which the noon sun is directly overhead.
Created by: trenton.hancock