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ch. 3&4 vocabulary

world geography

TermDefinition
culture the way of life that distinguishes a people.
population density the average number of people living in a given area.
birthrate the number of lives births each year per 1,000 people.
immigrant a person who moves into the country.
emigrant a person who leaves a country to live elsewhere.
urbanization the growth of city populations.
rural of, or characteristic of, the countryside.
culture hearth a place in which important ideas begin and thereafter spread to surrounding cultures.
cultural convergence the contact and interaction of one culture with another.
diffusion the process by which a cultural element is transmitted from one group or individual to another.
cultural divergence the restriction of a culture from outside influences.
sovereignty a country's freedom and power to decide on policies and actions.
unitary system a system of government in which one central government holds most of the political power.
federation a government structure in which some powers are given to the national government and other powers are reserved for more local governments.
confederation a system of government in which individual political units keep their sovereignty but give limited power to central government.
authoritarian descriptive of a system of government in which the leaders hold all political power.
dictatorship a system of government in which absolute power is held by a small group or one person.
totalitarianism a system of government in which a central authority controls all aspects of society.
monarchy a system of authoritarian government headed by a monarch a king, queen, shah, or sultan- whose position is usually inherited.
democracy a system of government in which the people are invested with the power to choose their leaders and determine government policy.
traditional economy an economic system in which families produce goods and services for their own use with little surplus and exchange of good; also known as a subsistence economy.
market economy an economic system in which decisions about production, price, and other economic factors are determined by the law of supply and demand.
command economy an economic system that is controlled by a single central government.
natural resources a material in the natural environment that people value and use to satisfy their needs.
renewable resources
nonrenewable resources
fossil fuel
nuclear energy
water power
geothermal energy
solar energy
primary economic activity
subsistence farming
commercial farming
secondary economic activiy
cottage industry
commercial industry
tertiary economic activity
quaternary economic activity
export
import
Created by: jonathanhart
 

 



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