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Aspirin(ASA) Anticoagulant, antipyretic, NSAID, Non Narcotic Analgesic
albuterol (ProAir, Ventolin, and Proventil) Bronchodilator(fast acting) 2x a wk
ProAir, Ventolin, and Proventil albuterol(fast acting) 2x a week
aminophylline Bronchdilator(fast acting) 2x a wk
theophylline("theo") Elixophyllin, Theo-Dur, Theo-24, Theolair, Theobid Bronchodilator(fast acting) 2x a wk Requires TDM
Elixophyllin, Theo-Dur, Theo-24, Theobid, and Theolair theophylline(fast acting) 2x a wk
ephedrine bronchodilator(fast acting) 2x a wk
epinephrine (Asthmanefrin) AKA Adrenalin bronchodilator(fast acting) 2x a wk emergency cardiac stimulant Emergency vasopressor
Asthmanefrin epinephrine(fast acting) 2x a wk
MaxAir bronchodilator(fast acting) 2x a wk
Atrovent bronchodilator(long acting) never to be used alone to treat asthma and only used for the shortest duration as possible.
Serevent Bronchodilator (long acting) not to be used alone to treat asthma and only used for the shortest duration as possible
Dulera bronchodilator (long acting) not to be used alone in the treatment of asthma and used for the shortest duration possible
Leukotriene Blockers Reduce allery related asthma
Singulair Leukotriene blocker
Corticosteroids steroidal anti-inflammatory drug to reduce the incident of asthma
Asmanex SAID to reduce the incident of asthma
Flovent SAID to reduce the incident of asthma
Pulmicort SAID to reduce the incident of asthma
Azmacort SAID to reduce the incident of asthma
Symbicort SAID & Bronchodilator
Advair SAID & Bronchodilator
Combivent SAID & Bronchodilator
Spiriva Metered Dose Inhaler to treat Asthma and emphysema
Brovana To treat chronic bronchitis and emphysema
PPD, Tine and Mantoux Intradermal skin tests to detect tuberculosis exposure
INH(isoniazid) antituberculine
Rifadin(rifampin) antituberculine
Myambutol (ethambutol) antituberculine
MDRTB Multi Drug Resistant Tuberculosis could require treatment for 4-9 months or longer
Catapres(clonidine) Non-nicotine smoking cessation drug Antihypertensive
Chantix Non-Nicotine smoking cessation drug
Wellbutrin or Zyban (bupropion) Non-nicotine smoking cessation drug Antidepressant
Wellbutrin, Zyban, Chantix changes in behavior, hostility, agitation, depressed mood, suicidal thoughts and behavior, and attempted suicide. 
Mucolytic break up mucus in the lungs for easier expectoration
Mucomyst Mucolytic
Pneumovax immunization (inoculation, vaccine) recommended for people over the age of 65 as a prophylaxis(preventive) for pneumococcal pneumonia
CHF Congestive Heart Failure indicates a Weak Pump
NRT (Nicotine replacement therapy)
Habitrol Nicotine replacement therapy
Nicoderm nicotine replacement therapy
Nicorette nicotine replacement therapy
Nicotrol nicotine replacement therapy
NTP Nicotine transdermal patch
Causes of CHF(congestive heart failure) Heredity, smoking, excess fat in the diet, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, age(35), MI(myocardium infarctions), Valvular disease
As the heart weakens, the CO(cardiac output) decreases and the HR(heart rate) increases.
Signs of CHF(congestive heart failure) pedal edema(swelling of the feet&ankles) Pulmonary edema(fluid in the lungs)
Treatment for CHF(congestive heart failure) Commonly includes Digoxin(Lanoxin, Digitek, or Lanoxicaps) that may require TDM(therapeutic drug monitoring) because of a NTI(narrow therapeutic index)
digoxin( Lanoxin, Digitek, or Lanoxicaps) Medication to slow the heart rate(HR) and stimulate the myocardium to contract more forcefully Antiarrhythmic
Lanoxin, Digitek, or Lanoxicaps digoxin
A high fiber diet can slow the absorption of digoxin
Signs of digoxin toxicity Bradycardia and yellow-green halos around lights
digoxin(lanoxin, lanoxicaps, digitek) is commonly administered in combination with a diuretic called Lasix(furosemide)
Lasix(furosemide) Diuretic
Lasix(furosemide) causes the excessive loss of the electrolyte(potassium)
Potassium Abbreviation is K and is commonly measured in mEq(milliequivalents)
Thoracodynia chest pain caused by coronary ischemia(starvation of oxygen(O2) to the myocardium
AP Angina Pectoris
nitroglycerin (Nitrostat, Nitro-Dur) antianginal
Nitrostat and Nitro-Dur nitroglycerin
NTG nitroglycerin
nitroglycerin(NTG) is administered SL(sublingually), Transdermally(skin patch) and IV(intravenous)
isosorbide (Isordil) antianginal
atenolol (Tenormin) antianginal beta blocker antihypertensive
Isordil(isosorbide) or nitroglycerin(NTG) can cause life threatening hypotension(low blood pressure) if combined with... Viagra, Cialis, and Levitra
metoprolol(Lopressor) antianginal, beta blocker, antihypertensive
nadolol(Corgard) antianginal, beta blocker, antihypertensive
amplodipine(Norvasc) antihypertensive antianginal
nicardipine(Cardene) antianginal antihypertensive
nifedipine(Procardia) antianginal antihypertensive
propranolol(Inderal) antianginal antihypertensive antiarrhythmic
verapamil(Calan) antianginal antihypertensive antiarrhythmic
diltiazem(Cardizem) antianginal antihypertensive antiarrhythmic
Antiarrhythmics medications are prescribed to treat cardiac dysrhythmias/arrhythmias
Cardiac dysrhythmias/arrhythmias are abnormalities in the conduction(transmissions) of the electrical impulses of the heart.
disopyramide(Norpace) antiarrhythmic
Betapace antiarrhythmic
procainamide(Procanbid) antiarrhythmic
Rythmol antiarrhythmic
The arrhythmia(dysrhythmia) that Lanoxin, Digitek, or Lanoxicaps(digoxin) is commonly administered for is... AF(Atrial Fibrillation) increases the risk of thrombus(clots) formation.
HTN(Hypertension) refers to chronic(persistent) high blood pressure.
HHD Hypertensive heart disease
Common causes of chronic(persistent) hypertension(HTN) include.... Atherosclerosis(hardening of the arteries caused by fatty plague) Kidney disease Poor Stress management Excess salt, caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol(ETOH)
HTN(hypertension) of a unknown cause is called... primary, essential, or idiopathic hypertension(HTN)
Antihypertensives Medications prescribed to lower blood pressue
Diovan antihypertensive
Cozaar antihypertensive
Benicar antihypertensive
Hyzaar (losartan+hydrochlorothiazide(HCTZ) Antihypertensive
Avapro antihypertensive
Medications that end in -olol are called Beta Blockers
Beta Blockers are prescribed to treat AP(Angina Pectoris) and HTN(hypertension) by reducing the force of the cardiac contraction and HR(heart rate)
Beta Blockers can lose their effectiveness if combined with... Fruit Juice
Hyperlipidemia means a blood condition of excessive fat
Hyperlipidemia can cause atherosclerosis(hardening of the arteries due to fatty plague)
Fats that can cause diseases of the heart&blood vessels include Cholesterol Triglycerides LDL(Low-density lipoprotein) These fats are considered saturated fats.
Medications prescribed to lower the amount of circulating fat in the blood are called... Antihyperlipidemics ("statins")
Lipitor antihyperlipidemic
Crestor antihyperlipidemic
Pravachol Antihyperlipidemic
Zocor antihyperlipidemic
Lopid antihyperlipidemic
Niaspan(niacin) antihyperlipidemic
Caduet Combination of Norvasc(amlodipine) antihyperlipidemic antihypertensive antianginal
Trilipix antihyperlipidemic
Antihyperlipidemics(statins) may require periodic LFTs(liver function tests)
antihyperlipidemics can cause the increased risk of DM(diabetes mellitus) by 48% in women.
antihyperlipidemic toxicity can occur if combined with... Grapefruit Juice
Lovasa Omega 3 supplement for hypertriglyceridema
Anticoagulants decreases the body's ability to form Thrombi(clots)
Abnormal thrombus(clots) formation can lead to floating clots called... Emboli
An Embolus(floating clot) can become lodged in a stenosed(narrowed) artery and cause an... Infarct(occlusion)
Common infarcts include MI(myocardial infarction) AKA heart attack or coronary CVA(cerebral vascular accident) AKA stroke
The layperson calls anticoagulants blood thinners
heparin(subQ injection) anticoagulant
warfarin(Coumadin) anticoagulant
Coumadin(warfarin) has a... NTI(narrow therapeutic index) and requires periodic coagulation monitoring.
vitamin K (Mephyton) coagulant
Vitamin K rich foods to avoid when taking Coumadin(warfarin) include... Kale, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, asparagus, and spinach
Plavix Anticoagulant Common prophylaxis for MIs(myocardial infarctions) & CVAs(cerebral vascular accidents)
Plavix has a... NTI(narrow therapeutic index) and requires periodic coagulation monitoring
Plavix use has been linked to... thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura(TTP)
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic Purpura(TTP) can cause... bleeding tendencies, hypochromic anemia, and kidney failure.
dipyridamole(Persantine) anticoagulant
dipyridamole(Persantine) has a NTI(narrow therapeutic index) and requires periodic coagulation monitoring
Lovenox(subQ injection) anticoagulant
Pradaxa anticoagulant
Xarelto anticoagulant
Lovenox, Pradaxa, & Xarelto do not require periodic coagulation monitoring
Bleeding problems can occur if ASA(aspirin) or Coumadin(warfarin) are combined with... gingki biloba, garlic, ginger, and NSAIDs(non steroidal anti inflammatory drug)
Thrombolytic(tPA) medications are administered to... break up thrombi(clots) already formed
The layperson would call a thrombolytic Clot Buster
streptokinase(Streptase) thrombolytic
alteplase(Activase) thrombolytic
tenecteplase thrombolytic
A drug administered as a heparin antagonist is called.. protamine sulfate
ACLS advanced cardiac life support
Emergency medications are commonly administered... IVP(intravenous push)
Bolus(loading dose) A large dose of a medication may be administered IVP(intravenous push) to quickly achieve therapeutic(beneficial) level
Emergency medications can be administered via ET(endotracheal tube)
atropine Emergency medication administered to treat severe bradycardia(slow heart rate)
lidocaine(Xylocaine) Emergency antiarrhythmic Local anesthetic
Sodium bicarbonate("bicarb") (NaHCO3) Emergency medication to treat acidosis
Calcium chloride(CaCl) Secondary emergency cardiac stimulant
Vasopressors are used to treat.. Hypotension(low blood pressure)
dopamine(Intropin) Emergency vasopressor
isoproterenol(Isuprel) Emergency vasopressor
norepinephrine(Levophed) Emergency vasopressor
Emetics are prescribed to... induce vomiting
Syrup of ipecac Emetic
Activated Charcoal Emergency medication usually administered via a NG(nasogastric) tube to absorb toxic substances in the stomach
naloxone(Narcan) emergency narcotic antagonist
NAVEL Narcan, atropine, Ventolin, epinephrine, & lidocaine.
Created by: dholleytassou



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