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Hec_Art History

Art History Pal to Roman

It is called the sun stone. Single larger stone standing outside of Stonehenge. Heelstone (Paleolithic period 40,000 8000 BCE)
Pictorial illustration of a subject or theme of a stylized work of art Iconography (Paleolithic period 40,000 8000 BCE)
A region of the middle East arching across the Northern part of the Syrian Desert Fertile Crescent Mesopotamia (Paleolithic period 40,000 8000 BCE)
A structure consisting of vertical beams supporting a horizontal beam post and Lintel
Sculpture consisting of shapes carved on a surface so as to stand out from the surrounding backgroud Relief sculpture
Two or more creatures combine composite creature
a prehistoric structure mostly found in europe Megalithic architecture
a type of sculpture in which the figures are presented in complete three-dimensional form and are not attached to a flat background (unlike relief). sculpture in the round
The sculptor builds the work, adding material as the work proceeds. Modeling, construction, and assemblage are additive processes Additive Sculpture
process means subtracting material away from the piece. Carving a stone statue is subtractive because you take away stone. Subtractive sculpture
This is perhaps the oldest written story on earth. Written by Sumerian on 12 clay tablets in cuneiform script. Epic of Gilgamesh (The ancient Near east 3500-331 BCE)
Human headed with eagles wings and bulls body. Lamassu
King of Macedon, Northern ancient Greece. He created one of the largest empires of the ancient world. Alexander The Great
This was an ancient region that exited primarily in what is now as Iraq. Know for the role in development of the first iterated societies. Mesoptamia
This is a rectangler stepped tower, sometimes surmounted by temple. It Raised the temple tower. Inspired the story of Babylon. Ziggurat
Modern day Iran Persians
was the fourth King of Kings of Persia. amous for leading the Persian invasion of Greece Xerxes
Babylon king know best for early law code. Eye for an eye. Hammurabi
Sumerian written system Cuneiform
Large art compositions were organized into parts. Like Comic Books Registers
an ancient written implement consisting of small rod with pointed end for scratching letters on waxed tablets. Witting utensil for pottery Stylus
is a stone or wooden slab, generally taller than it is wide, erected for funerals or commemorative purposes, most usually decorated with the names and titles of the deceased or living — inscribed, carved in relief, or painted. Votive offing
The last king of Achaemenid Empire of Persia. Lost Persia to Alexander the Great. Darius III
Noting or Pertaining to form of ancient Egyptian writing. Used by priest in there records. Hieratic Scale
was a ruler of the state of Lagash in Southern Mesopotamia Gudea
an upright stone slab or column decorated with figures or inscriptions Stele
is a type of magic intended to "turn away" harm or evil influences, as in deflecting misfortune or averting the evil eye. Apotropaic
A stone coffin often inscribed or decorated with sculpture. Sarcophagus
Egyptologist known for discovering the tomb of Tutankhamen. Howard Carter
Red Crown, was the symbol of the Pharaoh's authority over lower Egypt. Kemet, Deshret
Ka Human Soul
The Sun God, worshiped as the sole god. Worship under the Pharaoh Akhenatea Aten
An ancient Egyptian ceremony that celebrated the continued rule of a pharaoh. Heb-sed Festival
technique in which alkaline resistant pigments, ground in water, are applied to plaster when it is still wet Buon fresco
technique in which pigments ground in water are tempered using egg yolk or whole egg mixed with water which are applied to plaster that has been moistened (using this temper) to simulate fresh plaster Fresco secco
is a container from which fluids were intended to be drunk, or else poured in some ceremony Rhyton
Shaped or decorated with patterns in relief formed by hammering and pressing on the reverse side. It is also formed in relief Repousse
a paint made from pigment mixed with melted beeswax and resin and after application fixed by heat Encaustic
a jar or vase of classical antiquity having a large round body and a wide mouth and used for mixing wine and water Krater
an ancient Greek jar or vase with a large oval body, narrow cylindrical neck, and two handles that rise almost to the level of the mouth Amphora
is one of the styles of painting on antique Greek vases. Figures and ornaments were painted on the body of the vessel using shapes and colors reminiscent of silhouettes Black-Figure
is one of the most important styles of figural Greek vase painting. Is based on the figural depictions in red colour on a black background and it replace Black painting Red-Figure
the most sacred part of a religious building Sanctuary
Ancient Greek Epic Poet of the Odyssey and Iliad Homer
Athenian general and statesman largely responsible for the full development of Athenian democracy and the Athenian empire Pericles
is the modern term[1] given to those representations of male youths which first appear in the Archaic period in Greece. Kouros
is the name given to a type of female free-standing ancient Greek sculpture of the Archaic period made of wood, terra cotta, limestone, or white marble Kore
The inner room or sanctuary of an ancient Greek or Roman temple, in which the statue of the god was situated cella
a small square of bone, wood, or the like, used in ancient Rome as a token, tally, ticket. is an individual tile, usually formed in the shape of a cube, used in creating a mosaic Tesserae
is the art of creating images with an assemblage of small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials mosaic
A quality, as of an experience or a work of art, that arouses feelings of pity, sympathy, tenderness, or sorrow Pathos
It is used in the visual arts to describe a human figure standing with most of its weight on one foot so that its shoulders and arms twist off-axis from the hips and legs Contrapposto
The common people plebian
was the founder of the Roman Empire and its first Emperor, ruling from 27 BC until his death in 14 AD Julius caesar, octavian
was the long period of relative peace and minimal expansion by military force experienced by the Roman Empire in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD pax romana
A gem or shell carved in relief, especially one in which the raised design and the background consist of layers of contrasting colors cameo
an ancient Roman town-city near modern Naples in the Italian region of Campania. many villas in the surrounding area, was mostly destroyed and buried under 4 to 6 m (13 to 20 ft) of ash and pumice in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius pompeii
the marketplace or public square of an ancient Roman city, the center of judicial and business affairs and a place of assembly for the people Forum
a Roman building, used for public administration, having a large rectangular central nave with an aisle on each side and an apse at the end Basilica
is a sunken panel in the shape of a square, rectangle, or octagon in a ceiling, soffit or vault Coffering
eye, denotes a circular opening in the centre of a dome or in a wall Oculus
is art that tells a story, either as a moment in an ongoing story or as a sequence of events unfolding over time Continuous Narrative
describes any form of government where power is divided among four individuals Tetrarchs
is the re-use of earlier building material or decorative sculpture on new monuments. The practice was common in late antiquity spolia
a proclamation that permanently established religious toleration for Christianity within the Roman Empire. It was the outcome of a political agreement concluded in Milan between the Roman emperors Constantine I and Licinius in February 313 Edict of Milan
a monstrous fire-breathing female and male creature of Lycia in Asia Minor, composed of the parts of three animals — a lion, a snake and a goat Chimera
strict realism in art: strict realism or naturalism in art and literature verism
originally referred to a group of ruling class families in ancient Rome, including both their natural and adopted members Patrician
general body of free Roman citizens who were not patricians, as determined by the census Plebian
Created by: Hvelez
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