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What was Reconstruction? A 12 year period after the Civil War in which the United States government tried to rebuild the South without slavery.
What problems had the Civil War created for the South? People were hungry, poorly clothed, and homeless, uneducated, and in need of medical care.
What were Abraham Lincoln’s plans for returning the Confederacy to the Union? Lincoln stressed the importance of forgiveness and harmony so he recommended that Southerners be pardoned for fighting to secede.He conflicted with General Sherman’s order to give freedmen 40 acres of land and a mule.
Who became president after the assassination of Lincoln? What was his plan to bring the South back into the Union? 1. Andrew Johnson. 2. Johnson initially said that he wanted to issue amnesty to soldiers and return property to the previous owners
What did Robert E. Lee urge Southerners to do after the war? he urged Southerners to cooperate and keep the country united, even though it meant giving up slavery.
What was a carpetbagger? Northerners who moved to the south after the Civil War to help reform society.
What was the Freedman’s Bureau? The Freedman’s Bureaus were set up by the U.S. government in Southern communities to help slaves make the transition from slavery.
1. Who was not allowed to hold public offices after the war? 2. What new group of leaders took their places? 1. Southern military leaders were not allowed to hold public offices after the war. 2. Many black lawmakers
Why did Congress pass the Civil Rights Act of 1866? Northern lawmakers were concerned that Southern governments weren’t protecting the rights of Freedmen
Who enforced the new laws? soldiers who would enforce laws in five military districts in the South.
Who were the Radical Republicans? Radical Republicans were lawmakers
Why did the Radical Republicans recommend amendments to the Constitution? then states couldn't pass laws to discriminate against powerless people like ex-slaves.
What role did Frederick Douglass take during the rebuilding of the South? helped to get the states to ratify the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments.
How did the election of a new U.S. President in 1876 affect the effort to rebuild the South? The election was so close that a commission was appointed to decide the outcome.
Who was Booker T. Washington? a southern African American who had worked very hard to get an education and become the head of a university for black students, the Tuskegee Institute.
What did Booker T. Washington suggest to help segregated African Americans? He recommended that African Americans do what he did: get a good education and job training.
Who was W.E.B. Dubois? Dubois was a professor from the North and he was very concerned about white violence against African Americans.
What did W.E.B. Dubois say would end discrimination against African Americans? He stressed the view that the ideals of the Founding Fathers applied to all Americans regardless of their race, ethnic background, or history.
Created by: Metzdorf1