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Geography 345

Ch.2 Vocabulary

Weather The condition of the bottom layer of the earths atmosphere in one place over a short period of time
Climate The term used for the weather patterns that an area typically experiences over over a long period of time
Rotation The spinning motion of the earth like a top on its axis as it travels through space
Revolution One complete orbit of the earth around the sun. The earth completes one revolution every 365 1/2 days or one year
Solstice Either of the two times a year when the sun appears directly overhead at the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn
Equinox Either of the two times a year (springs and fall) when day and night are nearby equal length everywhere on earth
Precipitation All the forms of water that fall to earth from the atmosphere, including rain and snow
Front The boundary between two masses of air that differ in density or temperature
Continental Climate The type of found in the great central areas of continents in the northern hemisphere characterized by cold snowy winters and warm or hot summers
Ecosystem The interaction of plant life animal life and the physical environment in which they live
Biome The term used to describe a major type of ecosystem that can be found in various regions throughout the world
Deciduous Leaf shedding a type of tree that sheds its leaves during one season
Coniferous Cone bearing a type of tree able to survive long cold winters with long thin needles rather than leaves
Chaparral A type of natural vegetation that is adapted to mediterranean climates small evergreen trees and low bushes or shrub
Savanna A tropical grassland with scattered trees located in the warm lands near the equator
Herbivore A plant eating animal
Carnivore A meat eating animal
Prairie A temperate grassland characterized by a great variety of grasses
Tundra A dry treeless plain where temperatures are always cool or cold and only specialized plants can grow
Permafrost A layer of soil just below the earths surface that stays permanently frozen
Created by: brittanyelliott