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Geo. Vocabulary

Ch.2 Vocabulary

1.Weather the condition of the bottom layer of the earth's atmosphere in one place over a short period of time
2.Climate the term used for the weather patterns that an area typical experiences over a ling period of time
3.Rotation the spinning motion of the earth, like a top on its axis, as it travels through space
4.Revolution one complete orbit of the earth around the sun. The earth completes one revolution every 3651/4 days, or one year
5.Solstice either of the two times a year when the sun appears directly overhead at the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn
6.Equinox either of the two times each year when day and nigh are of nearly equal length everywhere on earth
7.Precipitation all the forms of water that fall to earth from the atmosphere, including rain and snow
8.Front the boundary between two masses of air that differ in density or temperature
9.Continental Climate the type of climate found in the great central areas of continents in the Northern Hemisphere; characterized by cold, snowy winters and warm or hot summers.
Ecosystem the interaction of plant life, animal life, and the physical environment in which they live.
Biome the term used to describe a major type of ecosystem that can be found in various regions throughout the world
Deciduous leaf-shedding; a type of tree that sheds its leaves during one season
Coniferous cone-bearing; a type of tree able to survive long, cold winters with long thin needles rather than leaves
Chaparral a type of natural vegetation that is adapted to Mediterranean climates; small evergreen trees and low bushes, or scrub
Savanna a tropical grassland with scattered trees, located in the warm lands nearest the Equator
Herbivore a plant-eating animal
Carnivore a meat-eating animal
Prairie a temperate grassland characterized by a great variety of grasses
Tundra a region where temperatures are always cool or cold and only specialized plants can grow
Permafrost a layer of soil just below the earth's surface that stays permanently frozen
Created by: mikaylacardona