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Chapter 2 vocab

weather the condition of the bottom layer of the earths atmosphere in one place over a short period of time
climate the term used for the weather patterns that an area typically experiences over a long period of time.
rotation the spinning motion of earth like a top on it's axis as it travels through space.
revolution one complete orbit of earth around the sun. the earth completes one revolution every 365. 1/4 days or one year.
solstice either of the two times a year when the sun appears directly overhead at the tropics of cancer
equinox either of the two times a year ( spring or fall) when day and night are nearly the same length everywhere on earth.
precipitation The down pour of rain sleet or snow part of the water cycle.
front the boundary between two masses of air that differ in density.
continental climate the type of climate found in the great central ares of continents in the Northen hemisphere ; characterized by cold snowy winters and warm or hot summers.
ecosystem The interaction of plant life, animal life and the physical environment in which they live,
biome The term used to describe a major type of ecosystem that can be found in various regions throughout the whole world.
deciduous leaf-shedding; a type of tree that sheds its leaves during one season.
coniferous cone bearing; a type of tree able to survive long cold winters with long thin needles rather than leaves.
chaparral a type of natural vegetation that is adapted to Mediterranean climates; small evergreen trees and low brushes, or scrub
savanna A tropical grass land with scattered trees, located in the warm lands near the Equator .
herbivore a plant-eating animal
carnivore a meat-eating animal
prairie a temerate grass land characterized by a great variety of changes.
tundra a dry treeless plain where temperatures are always cool or cold and only specialized plants can grow.
permafrost a layer of soil just below the earth's surface that remains permanently frozen.
Created by: irodgers



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