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Ch. 2 Vocab.

Weather The condition of the bottom layer of the earth's atmosphere in one place over a short period of time
Climate The term used for the weather patterns that an area typically experiences over a long period of time
Rotation The spinning motion of the earth, like top on its axis, as it travels through space
Revolution One complete orbit of the earth around the sun. The earth completes on revolution every 365 1/4 days, r one year
Solstice Either of the two times a year when the sun appears directly overhead at the tropics of cancer and Capricorn
Equinox Either of the two times each year (spring and fall) when day and night are nearly equal length everywhere on earth
Precipitation all of the forms of water that fall on earth from the atmosphere, including rain and snow
Front The boundary between two masses of air that differ in density and temp.
Continental Climate the type of climate found in the great central arras of continents in the northern hemisphere; characterized by cold, snowy winters and warm or hot summers.
Ecosystem The interaction of plant life, animal life, and the physical environment in which they live
Biome the term used to describe a major type of ecosystem that can be found in various regions throughout the world
Deciduous Leaf-shredding; a type of tree that sheds its leaves during one season
Coniferous Cone-bearing; a type of tree able to survive long, cold winters, with long, thin needles, other than leaves
Chaparral A type of natural vegetation that is adapted to Mediterranean climates; small evergreen trees and low bushes, or scrub
Savanna A tropical grassland with scattered trees, located in the warm lands near the equator
Herbivore a plant-eating animal
Carnivore a meat-eating animal
Prairie A temperate grassland characterized by a great variety of grasses
Tundra A dry, treeless plain where temperatures are always cool, or cold and only specialized plants can grow
Permafrost A layer of soil just below the earth's surface that stays permanently frozen
Culture The way of life that distinguishes a people, for example, government, language, religion, customs, and belief
Population Density The average number of people living in a given area
Birthrate The number of live births each year per 1,000 people.
Immigrant A person who moves into a country
Emigrant A person who leaves a country to live elsewhere
Urbanization The growth of city populations
Rural Of, or characteristic of, the countryside
Cultural Hearth A place in which important ideas begin and thereafter spread the surrounding cultures.
Cultural Convergence The contact and interaction of one culture with another
Diffusion The process by which a cultural element is transmitted from one group or individual to another
Cultural Divergence The restriction of a culture from outside influences
Created by: laceyterry