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ch. 2 vocabulary

ch. 2 vocabulary

weather the condition of the bottom layer of the earth's atmosphere in one place over a short period of time
climate the term used for the weather patterns that an area typically experiences over a long period of time
rotation the spinning motion of the earth, like a top on its axis, as it travels through space
revolution one complete orbit of the earth around the sun. the earth completes one revolution every 365 1/4 days, or one year
solstice either of the two times a year when the sun appears directly over head at the tropics of cancer and capricorn
precipitation all the forms of water that fall to earth from the atmosphere, including rain and snow
equinox either of the two times per year (spring and fall) when day and night are of nearly equal length everywhere on earth.
front the boundary between two masses of air that differ in density or temperature
continental climate the type of climate found in the great central areas of continents in the northern hemisphere; characterized by cold, snowy winters and warm or hot summerse
ecosystem the interaction of plant life, animal life, and the physical environment inwhich they live
biome the term used to describe a major type of ecosystem that can be found in various regions throughout the world
deciduous a type of tree that sheds its leaves during one season
coniferous Cone-bearing; a type of tree able to survive long, cold winters, with long, thin needles rather than leaves
chaparral a type of natural vegetation that is adapted to Mediterranean climates; small evergreen trees and low bushes, or scrub.
savanna a tropical grassland with scattered trees, located in the warm lands near the equator
herbivore a plant-eating animal
carnivore a meat-eating animal
prairie a temperate grassland characterized by a great variety of grasses
tundra a dry, treeless plain where temperatures are always cool or cold and only specialized plants can grow
permafrost a layer of soil just below the earths surface that stays permanently frozen.
Created by: blake malone



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