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Vocab chapter 2

Weather The condition of the bottom layer of the earth's atmosphere in one place over a short period of time
Climate The term used for the weather patterns that an area typically experiences over a long period of time
Rotation The spinning motion of the earth, like a top on its axis,as it travels through space
Revolution One complete orbit of the earth around the sun.the earth completes one revolution every 365 1/4 days,or one year.
Solstice Either of the two times a year when the sun appears directly overhead at the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn
Equinox Either of the two times each year when day and night are nearly equal length everywhere on earth
Precipitation All the forms of water that fall to earth from the atmosphere, including rain and snow
Front The boundary between two masses of air that differ in density or temperature
Continental climate The type of climate found in the great central areas of continents in the northern hemisphere
Ecosystem The interaction of plant life,animal life, and the physical environment in witch they live
Biome The term used to describe a major type of ecosystem that can be found in various regions throughout the world
Deciduous Leaf-shedding; a type of tree that sheds its leaves during one season
Coniferous Cone-bearing; a type of tree able to survive long, cold winters, with long, thin needles rather than leave
Chaparral A type of natural vegetation that is adapted to Mediterranean climates; small evergreen trees and low bushes, or scrub
Savanna A tropical grassland with scattered trees, located in the warm lands near the Equator
Herbivore A plant-eating animal
Carnivore A meat-eating animal
Prairie A temperate grassland characterized by great variety of grasses
Tundra A dry, treeless plain where temperatures are always cool or cold and only specialized plants can grow
Permafrost A layer of soil just below the earth's surface that stays permanently frozen
Created by: tyfox