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Ch. 2 Vocabulary

1.Weather The condition of the bottom layer of the earths atomosphere in one place over a short period of time.
2.Climate The term used for the weather patterns that an area typically experiences over a long period of time.
3.Rotation The spinning motion of the earth, like a toop on its axis, as it travels through space.
4.Revolution One complete orbit of the eaarth around the sun. The earth completes on revolution every 365 1/4 days, or one year.
5.Solstice Either of the two times a year when the sun appears directly overhead at the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn.
6.Equinox Either of the two times each year (spring and fall) when day and night are of nearly equal length everywhere on earth.
7.Precipitation All the forms of water that fall to earth from the atomsphere, including rain and snow.
8.Front The boundry between two masses of air that differ in density or tempeture.
9.Continental Climate The type of climate found in the great central areas of continents in Northern Hemishere; characterized by cold, snowy, winters and warm or hot summers.
10.ecosystem The interaction of plant life, animal life, and the physical enviorment in which they live.
11.biome The term used to describe in a major type of ecosystem that can be found in various regions throughout the world.
12.dediduous Leaf-shedding; a type of tree that sheds its leaves during one season.
13.coniferous Cone-bearing; a type of tree able to survive long, cold winters, with long, thin needles rather than leaves.
14.chaparral A type of natural vegetation that is adapted to Mediterranean climates; small evergreen trees and low bushes, or scrub.
15.savanna A tropical grassland with scattered trees, located in the warm lands near the equator
16.herbivore A plant-eating animal.
17.carnivore A meat-eating animal.
18.prairie A temperate grassland characterized by a great variety of grasses.
19.tundra A dry, treeless plain where temperatures are always cool or cold and only specialized plants can grow.
20.permafrost A layer of soil just below the earth's surface that stays permanently frozen.
Created by: jasmin5