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RA1670

TermDefinition
Absorption The amount of medication that enters the bloodstream, or systemic cirulation.
Accreditation The process of granting recognition or vouching for compliance with established criteria (usually refers to recognition of an instituation or program).
Ambulatory pharmacy A phrmacy generally located within, or in close proximity to a clinic, hospital, or medical center that provides medication to services to ambulaory patients.
Autoimmunity A misdirected immune response that happens when the body attacks itself.
Automated dispensing technology Electronic storage cabinets or robotcs that secure medications and dispense them to nurses or other caregivers when needed.
Automated medication dispensing device A drug storage device ro cabinet that contains an inventory of medications that are electionically dispensed so they may be administered to patients in a controlled manner.
Bioavailability The percentage of an administered dose of a medication that reaches the bloodstream.
Brand-name drug A drug that is covered by a patient and is therefore only available from a single manufacturer.
Centralized dispensing automation Technology that assist in the selection and dispensing of drug products that are located in a central location, such as the pharmacy, and that can include robotics and carousels that use bar code scanning to select and label drug products for patients.
Centralized pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided from one location (usually centrally located) in the hospital. Pharmacy personnel, re-sources, and functions primarily reside within this self-contained location.
Certification A voluntary process by which a nongovernmental agency or association grants recognition to an individual who has met certain predetermined qualifications specified by that agency or association.
Chain pharmacy A pharmacy that is part of a lare number of corporately owned pharmacies that use the same name and carry similarly branded OTC products.
Communication The transfer of information, knowledge, facts, wishes, or emotions from one source to another.
Community pharmacy Generally a stande-alone pharmacy located within a community that provides medication services to ambulatory patients.
Controlled substances Drugs or chemical substances whos possession and use are regulated under the Federal Controlled Substances Act and by state controlled substance laws and regulations.
Dispensing The act of preparing a medication for use by a patient as authorized by a prescription.
Drug distribution services The system(s) used to distribute medications that begins when the medication is received by the pharmacy and ends when the medication is administered to the patient.
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) The federal agency that administers and enforces federal laws for controlled substances and illegal substances such as narcotics and other dangerous drugs. The DEA is part of the U.S Department of Justice.
Expectorate To cough up or spit
Generic drug A drug that is no longer covered by a patient and is therefore generally available from multiple manufacturers, usually resulting in a significant reduction is cost.
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Federal legislation enacted to establish guidelines for the protection of patients' private health information.
Inhalant A fine powder or solution of a drug delivered as a mist through the mouth into the respiratory tract.
Intracardiac Injected directly into the heart muscle
Intradermal Injected into the top layers of the skin
Intramuscular Injected directly into a large muscle mass, such as the upper arm, thigh, or buttock, and absorbed from the muscle tissue into the bloodstream.
Intrapertoneal Administered into the pleural space, which is the sac that surrounds the lungs.
Intrathecal Injected into the space around the spinal cord.
Intravenous Injected directl into a vein and therefore immediately abailable to act in the body.
Legend drug A drug that is required by federal law to be dispensed by precription only. It is the older term for drugs that are now identified as "Rx Only."
Licensure The process by which an agency of the government grants permission to an individual to engage in a given occupation upon finding that the applicant has atained a degree of competency necessary to ensure the public health, safety, will be protected.
Lozenge A hard disk-shaped solid medication dosage form that contains medication in a sugar base, which is released as the lozenge is held in the mouth and sucked.
Mail-order pharmacy A pharmacy that functions like a warehouse, with pharmacist and technicians who dispense prescriptions that are mailed to patients.
Medication order A written, electionic, telephone, or verbal request for a patient medication in an inpatient setting.
National Drug Code (NDC) Number A unique number assigned to each drug, strength, and package size for the purpose of identification.
Ointment A semisolid medication dosage form, applied to the skin or mucous membranes, which lubricates and softens or is used as a base for drug delivery.
Over-the-Counter (OTC) drugs Drugs that are available without a prescription.
Parenteral A route of medication administration that bypasses the gastrointestinal tract, such as intravenous, intramuscular, or subcutaneous administration.
Patient counseling The act of educating a patient, by a pharmacist, regarding the proper use of a prescribed drug, at the same time of dispensing.
Pharmacist A healthcare professional licensed by the state to engage in the practice of pharmacy. They have advanced training in the pharmaceutical sciences, such as pharmacology, pharmcokinetics, and pharmacetics.
Pharmacy satellite A physical space located in or near a patient care area that can provide a variety of distributive and clinical services.
Practice of pharmacy The practice of pharmacy is regulated by each state through its pharmacy laws and regulations.
Precription The written or verbal authorization, by an authorized presciber, for the use of a particular pharmaceutical agent for an individual patient. This term also refers to the physical product dispensed.
Primary prescription label A label affixed to a dispensed drug product, that containes legally required information.
Professional A person who practices an occupation or vocation that requires advanced specialized training.
Professionalism Actively demonstrating the attitudes, qualities and behaviors of a professional while performing duties of one's profession "putting needs of the others before your own".
Registration The process of making a lit or being enrolled in an existing list. A pharmacy technician may be requried to be registered with the state board of pharmacy before being able to legally carry out some pharmacy funtions.
Subcutaneous Deposited in the tissue just under the skin
Subgingival Administered via the subgingival space, which is the space between the tooth and gum.
Technician An individual skilled in the practical or mechanical aspects of a profession. A pharmacy technician assist pharmacist by performing routine, day-to-day functions of the practice of pharmacy that do not require the judgement of a pharmacist.
Topical Applied to the skin, mucous membranes, or other external partsof the body, such as fingernails, toenails, and hair.
Transdermal Through the skin; percutaneous.
ante- Before;forward
anti- against
brady- slow
ect- outside;out
endo- within
hyper- above;excessive
hypo- below;deficient
micro- small
multi- many
peri- around;surrounding
post- after
pre- before;in front of
semi- half
super- above;over;excess
supra- above, on top of
tachy- fast
-algia pain
-cytosis condition of cells
-ectomy surgical removal;excision
-emesis vomit
-emia blood
-itis inflammation
-malacia softening
-oma tumor
-ostomy creation of an opening
-phagia eating; swallowing
-plasty surgical repair
-pnea breathing
angi/o vessel
arthr/o joint
audi/o hearing;sound
bronciol/o bronchiole
carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
cephal/o head
cerebr/o cerebrum
coagul/o clotting
conjunctiv/o conjunctiva
cry/o cold
cyst/o bladder, sac
gastr/o stomach
glauc/o silver;gray
gluc/o, glyc/o glucose;sugar
hepat/o liver
hyster/o uterus
lith/o stone
lymph/o lymph
mening/o, meningi/o meninges(membrane)
muc/o mucus
my/o muscle
myel/o bone marrow;spinal cord
nas/o nose
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
or/o mouth
orth/o straight
oste/o bone
ot/o ear
phleb/o vein
pil/o hair
pneum/o lungs;air
pyel/o renal pelvis
schiz/o split
semin/o semen
septi bacteria
thorac/o chest
thromb/o clot
thyr/o thyroid gland
trache/o trachea
vas/o,vascul/o vessel
Created by: RA1670
 

 



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