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Treatment & Therapy

*BLHS Treatment and Therapy

TreatmentsDefinition and ie.
biomedical therapy a prescribed medication or medical procedure that acts directly on the patient's nervous system. ie-anti-anxiety medicine, anti-depressants, etc...
eclectic approach an approach to psychotherapy that depending on the client's problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy. ie-when a patient has a phobia a psychiatrist might use both anti-anxiety medications and psycotherapy to help
psychoanalysis free associations, resistances, dreams, & transferences-& therapist's interpretations- released previously repressed feelings, allowing patient 2 gain self-insight. ie-interpretaion of a dream helps patient realize own feelings
resistance in psychoanalysis, the blocking form consciousness of anxiety-laden material. ie-D.I.D. is a ex. this when a child was abused
interpret in psychoanalysis, the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight. ie-a conclusion of a dream where a mother dies being representative of repressed anger toward ur mother
transference in psycholoanalysis, the patient's tranfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships. ie-love or hatred toward a parent
psychotherapy a planned, emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained, socially sanctioned healer and sufferer. ie-simply talking to a therapist (the sofa method)
client-centered therapy a humanistic therapy, developed by Rogers, includes active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment to facilitate client's growth. ie-discussion between of y patient acts certain way; based on the person being able to fix themselves
face-to-face therapy similar to psychoanalytic minus the couch
active listening empathetic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies. Afeature of Rogers' client-centered therapy. ie-Patient, "I was beat." Therapist, "Okay, so you were beat."
behavior therapy therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors. ie-teaching one not to wash hands repeatedly (OCD)
counterconditioning conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors (based on classical conditioning). ie-fear of elevators... pairing elevator space with calm reactions
exposure therapy exposing people to the things they fear. ie-exposing one with a fear of snakes to snakes
systematic desensitization a type of counterconditioning that assocaites a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli. Commonly used to treat phobias. ie-seeing pictures of spiders will eventually desensitize you to get over your fear of spiders
virtual reality exposure therapy an anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to simulations of their greatest fears. ie-flying
aversive conditioning counter-conditioning that associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior. ie-nausea associated with drinking alcohol
token economy operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and later can trade tokens in for prviledges or treats. ie-Raider Rewards (elementary)
cognitive therapies therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions. ie-someone fearing dogs, coming to the realization that dogs offer companionship
cognitive-behavior therapy a popular integrated therapy that combines cognitive therapy with behavior therapy. ie-looking at spiders as helpful to the environment and overcoming ur fear of them
family therapy therapy that treats the family as a system; views an individuals unwanted behaviors as influenced by or directed at other family members; attempts to guide family members toward positive relationships and improved communication.
meta-analysis a procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies.
tardive dyskinesia involuntary movements of facial muscles, tongue, and limbs (side-effect of anti-psychotic drugs). ie-looks like parkinson's disease
electrocompulsive therapies biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electrical current is sent through the brain of anesthetized patient.
repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) the application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity.
psychosurgery surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior
lobotomy a now-rare psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients; the procedure cut the nerves that connect the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner-brain
Created by: jess4christ_2008