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Appendix A

TermDefinition
a; an; ana- no; not; without
ante- before; forward
anti- against
bi- two; double; both
brady- slow
contra- against; opposite
dys- difficult; painful
endo- within
epi- above; upon
gynec/o woman
hemi- half
hypo- below; deficient
inter- between
intra- within
mal- bad; poor; abnormal
neo- new
non- not
para- near; beside
per- through
peri- around; surrounding
poly- many; excessive
post- after
pre- before; in front of
retro- behind; backward; upward
sub- below; under
semi- half
syn- together; with
tachy- fast
tri- three
-algia pain
-cyte cell
-ectomy surgical removal; excision
-emesis vomit
-emia blood
-ism condition
-itis inflammation
-lepsy seizure
-oid resembling; like
-(o)logist specialist in the study of teatment of
-(o)logy study of
-oma tumor
-osis abnormal condition
-ostomy creation of an opening
-otomy incision into
-pathy disease
-phobia abnormal; fear
-plasty surgical repair
-pnea breathing
-rrhea flow; discharge
-sclerosis hardening
-stasis control; stop
abdomin/o abdomen
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
ather/o fat; fatty; plaque
audi/o hearing; sound
aur/o ear
bronch/o bronchus
bucc/o cheek
carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
cerebro/o cerebrum
coagul/o clotting
cyst/o bladder; sac
cyt/o cell
derm/o, dermat/o skin
electr/o electricity
encephal/o brain
erythr/o red
gastr/o stomach
hyster/o uterus
hydr/o water; fluid
hepat/o liver
hemat/o, hem/o blood
gyn/o, gyn/e, gynec/o women
immune/o protection
lip/o fat
lymph/o lymph
muc/o mucus
my/o muscle
marc/o sleep
nas/o nose
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
ocul/o, ophthalm/o eye
opt/o nail
or/o mouth
oste/o bone
pancreat/o pancreas
phleb/o vein
phot/o light
pneum/o lungs; air
proct/o rectum
psych/o, psych/i mind or soul
pulmon/o lungs
quadr/i four
rect/o rectum
ren/o kidney
rhin/o nose
septi bacteria
thorac/o chest
thromb/o clot
trache/o trachea
urethr/o urethra
ven/o vein
cerebrospinal pertaining to the brain and the spinal cord
cerebrovascular pertaining to the brain and blood vessels that supply it
epidural pertaining to above the dura mater
epilepsy a disorder of the nervous system characterized by recurrent seizures
meningitis inflamation of the meninges of the brain
neuralgia nerve pain
neurologist a physician who specializes in diseases of the neurological system
schizophrenia a type of psychosis in which that mind is said to be split from reality
bradycardia pertaining to a slow heart rate
cardiologist a physician who specializes in diseases of the heart
cardiomyopathy disease of the heart muscle
endocardium membrane lining the cavities of the heart
hypertension high blood pressure
hypoxemia too little oxygen in the blood
myocarditis inflammation of the heart muscle
mycardium heart muscle tissue
pericardium lining around the outside of the heart
tachycardia pertaining to a fast heart rate
bronchitis inflammation of the bronchi
dyspnea difficult,painful, or faulty breathing
hypoxia a condition of deficient oxygen levels
pharyngitis inflammation of the pharynx
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
pulmonologist specialist in diseases of the lungs
rhinorrhea discharge from the nose
spirometry measurement of breathing
stethoscope instrument used to listen to lung and heart sounds through the chest wall
arthritis inflammation of the joints
bursitis inflammation of the bursa, a fluid filled sac around joints
intramuscular pertaining to within the muscle
myalgia muscle pain
orthopedic pertaing to foot, pertaining to thr study of diseases of the skeletal and muscular system
tendinitis inflammation of the tendon
endocrinology study of the glands that comprise the endocrine system
hyperglycemia too much sugar in the blood
hyperthyroidism condition of too much thyroid hormone
hypokalemia low blood potassium
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
autoimmune abnormal function of the immune system that causes the body to produce antibodies against itself
immunocompromised A condition which the immune system has been compromised by disease or immunosuppressive agents
metastasis the spread of cancer cells beyond the original site of the tumor through blood or lymph
anemia a blood condition in which there is a reduction in the number of red blood cells, hemoglobin or the volume of packed red blood cells
hematology medical study of the blood
myeloma tumor of the bone marrow
cholecystectomy surgical removal of the gall bladder
cirrhosis chronic liver condition that causes yellowing of tissues
colonoscopy process of viewing the colon
dyspepsia the condition of indigestion, or of painful digestion
dysphagia pertaining to difficulty in eating, or swallowing
esophagitis inflammation of the esophagus
gastroenterologist specialist in the study or treatment of the stomach and intestines
nasogastric pertaining to the nose and stomach
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
sublingual pertaining to under the tongue
nephrectomy surgical removal of the kidney
polyuria condition in which one urinates excessively
pyelonephritis inflammation of the renal pelvis area of the kidney
urologist physician who specializes in conditionss of the urinary system
conjunctivitis inflammation of the conjunctiva
intraocular pertaining to the inside of the eye
ophthalmologist specialist in diseases of the eye
optometry process of measuring the eye
photophobia extreme sensitivity and discomfort from light
myringitis inflammation of the tympanic membrane
otitis inflammation of the ear
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
dermatologist specialist in the study of diseases of the skin
epidermal pertaining to on the skin
histology the study of tissues
percutaneous through the skin
subcutaneous pertaining to below the skin
gynecologist a physician who specializes in the reproductive system of women
hysterectomy the surgical removal of the uterus
mammogram an e-ray of the breast
obstetrics the specialty pertaining to the care and treatment of mother and fetus throughout pregnancy (midwife)
vasectomy excision of part of the vas deferens to produce male sterility
Created by: 4801041003