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Med. Term.Ch.3

Integumentary System

TermDefinition
avascular pertaining to a type of tissue that does not have blood vessels
cutaneous pertaining to the skin
dermis deeper layer of the skin, composed of nerves, blood vessels, hair follicles, and sebaceous and sudoriferous glands
epidermis outer protective layer of skin that covers the body and does not have a blood or nerve supply
lesion wound, injury, or pathological change in body tissue
sebaceous pertaining to sebum, an oily fatty substance secreted by these glands
subcutaneous pertaining to under the skin
sudoriferous pertaining to or producing sweat
systemic pertaining to a system or the whole body rather than a localized are
therapeutic pertaining to a treatment, remediating, or curing a disorder or disease
vascular pertaining to or containing blood vessels
adip/o fat
lip/o fat
steat/o fat
cutane/o skin
dermat/o sking
derm/o skin
cyan/o blue
erythem/o red
erythemat/o red
erythr/o red
hidr/o sweat
sudor/o sweat
ichthyl/o dry, scaly
kerta/o horny tissue; hard cornea
melan/o back
myc/o fungus
onych/o nail
pil/o hair
trich/o hair
scler/o hardening, sclera (white of eye)
seb/o sebum, sebaceous
squam/o scale
therm/o heat
xer/o dry
-cyte cell
-derma skin
-phoresis carrying, transmission
hyper- excessive, above, normal
abrasion scraping or rubbing away of a surface, such as skin, by friction
abscess localized collection of pus at the infection site (staphylococcal infection)
furuncle abscess that originates in a hair follicle (boil)
carbuncle cluster of furuncles in the subcutaneous tissue
acne inflammatory disease of sebaceous follicles of skin. Marked by comedos (blackheads), papules, and pustules (small skin lesion with purulent material)
alopecia absence or loss of hair, especially on the head (baldness)
burn tissue injury with contact with thermal, chemical, electrical, or radioactive agent
first degree burn (superficial) mild burn. Affects dermis. characterized by redness and pain with no blistering or scar formation
second degree burn (partial thickness) burn affects epidermis and part of the dermis, characterized by blistering, larger bullae, pain, redness. with little or no scarring
third degree (full thickness) severe burn characterized by destruction of the epidermis and dermis with damage to the subcutaneous layer, leaves skin charred black or dry white. also insensitive to touch
cacinoma uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. (malignant cells)
melanoma malignant tumor, originates in melanocytes, considered most dangerous type of skin change, can be fatal
comedo discolored dried sebum plugging an excretory duct of the skin (blackhead)
cyst closed sac or pouch in or under the skin, with a definite wall that contains fluid, semifluid, or solid material
pilonidal cyst growth of hair in a dermoid cyst or in a sinus opening of the skin
sebaceous cyst cyst filled with sebum (fatty material from sebaceous gland)
eczema redness of skin, caused by swelling capillaries
gangrene death of tissue, usually from loss of blood supply
hemorrhage external or internal loss of large amounts of blood in a short period
contusion hemorrhage of any size under the skin, where the skin is not broken (bruise)
ecchymosis skin discoloration, large, irregularly formed hemorrhagic area with colors changing from blue-black to greenish brown or yellow (bruise(
petechia minute, pinpoint hemorrhagic spot of the skin that is a smaller version of an ecchymosis
hematoma elevated, localized collection of blood trapped under the skin that usually results from trauma
hirsutism excessive hair growth in unusual places, especially in women. due to hypersecretion of testosterone
ichthyosis genetic skin disorder in which the skin is dry and scaly, resembling fish skin due to a defect in keratinization
impetigo bacterial skin infection characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture
keloid overgrowth of scar tissue at the site of skin surgery due to excessive collagen formation during healing process
psoriasis chronic skin disease characterized by itchy red patches covered with silvery scales
scabies contagious skin disease transmitted by the itch mite
skin lesions areas of pathologically altered tissue caused by disease, injury, or a wound due to external factors or internal disease
tinea fungal infection whose name commonly indicates the body part affected (ringworm=athlete's foot=tinea pedis)
ulcer skin lesion or mucous membranes marked by inflammation, necrosis, and sloughing of damaged tissues
pressure ulcer skin ulceration caused by prolonged pressure, in people who are bedridden (bedsore, decubitus ulcer)
urticaria allergic reaction in skin characterized by pale red elevated patches, irruption, intensely itchy (wheals, hives)
verruca rounded epidermal growth caused by a virus (wart)
vesicle small blister-like elevation on the skin containing clear fluid. large ones are called bullae
vitiligo localized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk-white patches (leukoderma)
wheal smooth, slightly elevated skin that is white in the center with a pale red, periphery (hives if itchy)
biopsy (bx) removing small piece of tissue from an organ for microscopic examination, to confirm a diagnosis or to follow the course of a disease
skin test test when a suspected allergen or sensitizer is applied/injected into the skin to determine the patient's sensitivity to it
cryosurgery subfreezing temperature, used with liquid nitrogen to destroy abnormal tissue cells, such as cancer or infected tissue
debridement removing foreign material, damaged tissue, or cellular debris from a wound or burn to prevent infection and promote healing
fulguration tissue destroyed by means of high-frequency electric current (electrodesiccation)
incision and drainage (I&D) incision of a lesion, like abscess, followed by draining its contents
Mohs surgery (surgical procedure) used to treat skin neoplasms, tumor tissue fixed in place is removed layer by layer for microscopic examination until the entire tumor is removed
skin graft (surgical procedure) used to transplant healthy tissue by applying to an injured site
allograft transplanting healthy tissue from one person to another person (homograft)
autograft transplantation of healthy tissue from one site to another site in the same individual
synthetic transplantation of artificial skin produced from collagen fibers arranged in a lattice pattern
xenograft transplantation (dermis only) from a foreign donor (usually a pig) and transferred to a human (heterograft)
skin resurfacing procedure that repairs damaged skin, acne scars, fine or deep wrinkles, or tattoos, improves skin tone irregularities through the use of topical chemicals, abrasion, or laser
chemical peel using chemicals to remove outer layers of skin to treat acne scarring and general keratoses as well as for cosmetic purposes to remove fine wrinkles on the face (chemabrasion)
cutaneous laser any laser treatment employed for cosmetic and plastic surgery
dermabraion removal of acne scars, nevi, tattoos, or fine wrinkles on the skin through the use of sandpaper, wire brushes, or other abrasive materials on the epidermal layer
antibiotics kill bacteria that cause skin infection
antifungals kill fungi that infect the skin
antipruritics reduce severe itching
corticosteroids anti-inflammatory agents that treat skin inflammation
basal cell carinoma most common type of nonmelanoma skin cancer. a cancerous tumor (malignancy) of the basal layer of the epidermis (hair follicles). caused by overexposure to sunlight
electrodessication, cryosurgery, radiation therapy treatments for basal cell carcinoma
squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) 2nd more common form of nonmelanoma skin cancer. due to prolonged UV radiation exposure
CA cancer, chronological age, cardiac arrest
Derm dermatology
FH family history
IM intramuscular
IMP impression (diagnosis)
PE physical examination, pulmonary embolism, pressure-equalizing (tube)
subcu Sub-Q subQ subcutaneous (injection)
WBC white blood count
dermatologists specialists focus on diseases of skin and relationship of lesions to a systematic diseases
integumentary covering, skin
basal cell carcinoma most common nonmelanoma skin cancer. cancerous tumor of the basal layer of the epidermis/hair follicles, metastasize
malignancy cancerous tumor
metastasize spread to other parts of the body
treatments of basal cell carcinoma excision, curettage, electrodessication, cryosurgery, radiation therapy
squamous cell carcinoma 2nd most common form of nonmelanoma skin cancer. can cause serious implications. from prolonged UV exposure
Created by: 697149295