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KSPT Med Term

KSPT Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
a- without
ab- away from
abdomino/o- abdomen
-ac pertaining to
acous/o- hearing
adeno/o- gland
adip/o- fat
adren/o- adrenal gland
aer/o- air or gas
-al pertaining to
albumin/o- protein
-algia pain
alveol/o- alveolus (air sac)
ambi- both
an- without
angi/o- vessel
ankyl/o- crooked or stiff
ante- before
anti- against/opposed to
appendic/o- appendix
-ar/y pertaining to
arteri/o- artery
arthr/o- joint,articulation
articul/o- joint
-ase enzyme
-asthenia weakness
ather/o- fatty paste
audi/o- hearing
auto- self
bacteri/o- bacteria
bi- two or both
brachi/o- arm
brady- slow
carcin/o- cancer
cardi/o- heart
-cele pouching/hernia
celi/o- abdomen
cephal/o head
cerebell/o cerebellum (little brain)
cerebr/o cerebrum (largest part of brain)
cervic/o neck or cervix
chol/e bile
chrondr/o cartilage (gristle)
circum- around
col/o colon
colon/o colon
con- together or with
contra- against or opposed to
cost/o rib
crani/o skull
cutane/o skin
cyan/o blue
cyst/o bladder or sac
cyt/o cell
dactyl/o digit (finger or toe)
de- from, down, or not
derm/o skin
-derma skin
dermat/o skin
dextr/o right; on the right side
dia- across or through
diaphor/o profuse sweat
dis- separate from or apart
dips/o thirst
dorsi- back
duct/o to lead/ carry
-dynia pain
dys- painful, difficulty, or faulty
ec-/ecto- outside
-ectomy excision (removal)
emesis vomiting
-ema condition
-emia blood condition
en- within
encephal/o brain
endo- within
epi- upon
equi- equality; equal
erythem/o flushed; redness
erythr/o red
esthesi/o nervous sensation
-esthesia nervous sensation
eti/o cause
eu- good or normal
-eurysm widening
ex- out or away
exo- outside
extra- outside
fasci/o fascia (membrane)
febr/i fever
femor/o femur
fibr/o fiber
flav/o yellow
flex/o to bend
fore- before; in front
gastr/o stomach
-gen substance that produces
-genesis origin or production
-genic produced by or in
gen/o origin or production
ger/o old age
geront/o old age
-globin protein
gloss/o tongue
gluc/o glucose; sugar
glyc/o glucose; sugar
gnos/o knowledge
goni/o angle
-gram record
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
gravid/o pregnancy
gynec/o woman/female
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
hemi- half
hepat/o liver
hepatic/o liver
hestero- different
hist/o tissue
holo- entire; complete
home/o- same
hydr/o water
hyper- above or excessive
hypo- below or deficient
hyster/o uterus; womb
-ia condition of
-iac pertaining to
-iasis formation of or presence of
-iatr/o physician; treatment
-iatry treatment
-ic/-ical pertaining to
idi/o unknown; individual; distinct
in- in; into; not
-in a substance
infra- below or under
inguin/o groin
inter- between
intra- within
ipsi- same
is/o equal, same
isch/o to hold back; back
-ism process; condition
-ist one who specializes in
-itis inflammation
juxta- near
jaund/o yellow
kinesi/o movement
-kinesis movement
kyph/o humpback
labi/o lip
lapar/o abdomen
-lapse to slide, fall, sag
later/o side
-lepsy seizure
-leptic to seize; take hold of
leuk/o white
levo- left
lex/o word; phrase
-lexia word; phrase
lien/o spleen
lingu/o tongue
lip/o fat
lith/o stone; calculus
-logist specialist
-logy study of
lord/o curve; bend
lumb/o lower back
lumin/o light
lux/o to slide
lymph/o lymph
-lysis breaking down; separation; loosening
-lytic reduce, destroy, separate, break down
macro- large or long
mal- bad
-malacia softening
mamm/o breast
-mania obsessive preoccupation
medi/o middle
mega- large
-megaly enlargement
mening/o meninges (membrane)
meningi/o meninges (membrane)
meso- middle
meta- beyond, change
-meter instrument for measuring
-metry process of measuring
micro- small
mon/o single; one
morph/o shape; form
-motor movement
multi- many
muscul/o muscle
my/o muscle
myc/o fungus
myel/o bone marrow; spinal cord
narc/o numbness; stupor; sleep
nas/o nose
necr/o death
neo- new
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
neutr/o neither; neutral
noci- to cause harm, injury, pain
noct/o night
norm/o rule; order
ocul/o eye
-oid resembling
-ole small
-oma tumor; mass
onc/o tumor
-one hormone
opthalm/o eye
-opia vision condition
-opsy view of
opt/o eye; vision
orth/o straight, normal or correct
-osis condition (usually abnormal)
oste/o bone
-ous pertaining to
-oxia oxygen
palp/o to touch gently
palpit/o flutter; throbbing
pan- all
pancreat/o pancreas
par- other than; abnormal
para- alongside of OR abnormal
-paresis weakness
patell/o knee cap
path/o disease
-pathy disease; emotion
pector/o chest
ped/o child or foot
pelv/i pelv/o hip; pelvis
-penia abnormal reduction
per- through
peri- surrounding; around
phag/o eat; swallow
pharmac/o drug
pharyng/o pharynx (throat)
-phasia speech
phleb/o vein
-philia attraction for
-phobia fear
phon/o voice; sound
phot/o light
phren/o diaphragm
physi/o physical, nature
-physis to grow
-plasia development; formation
-plasty surgical repair
-plegia paralysis
pleur/o pleura
-pnea breathing
pneum/o air or lung
pod/o foot
poly- many
-porosis condition of pores (spaces)
post- after; behind
poster/o back; behind
-praxia action
pre- before; forward
pro- before; forward
proxim/o near
pseudo- false
psych/o mind
-ptosis droop; sag; prolapse; protrude
pulmon/o lung
quadr/i four
radi/o radius (forearm); radiation (ie x-ray)
radicul/o nerve root
re- again or back
rect/o rectum
ren/o kidney
respir/o breath
retro- backward; back; behind
rhin/o nose
roentgen/o x-rays
-rrhage/ia bursting forth (blood)
-rrhea flow; discharge
rubr/o rubr/l red
sacr/o sacrum
scapul/o scapula; shoulder blade
schiz/o split, division
scler/o hard or sclera
-sclerosis hardening
scoli/o crooked, bent, twisted
-scope instrument for examination
-scopy visual examination
sect/o to cut
semi- half
seps/o infection
sept/o partition
sinus/o hollow (cavity)
-sis state of; condition
somat/o body
somn/o sleep
somnia sleep
spasm involuntary contraction
splanchno viscera (internal organs)
splen/o spleen
sphygm/o pulse
spin/o spine
spir/o breathing
spondyl/o vertebra
-stalsis contraction
-stasis stop; control; place
-static stopping; controlling
-stenosis tightening; structure
stern/o sternum
steth/o chest
-sthenia strength
stomat/o mouth
-stomy creation of an opening
sub- below or under
super- above; excessive
supra- above; upper
sym- together; with
symptom/o occurrence
syn- together
tachy- fast/rapid
tax/o coordination
ten/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
-tension pressure
tens/o stretched, strained
thalam/o thalamus (a room)
therm/o heat
thorac/o chest
thromb/o clot
-tropia to turn
-thymic/-ia mind (condition of)
-tic pertaining to
tom/o to cut
-tomy cutting; incision
ton/o tone or tension
trache/o trachea (windpipe)
trans- across; through
tri- three
trich/o hair
-tripsy to crush
-trophy nourishment; development
-ule little; small
uln/o ulna (forearm)
ultra- beyond or excessive
uni- one
ur/o urine
-uresis urination
-uria condition of urine
uter/o uterus
vag/o vagus (nerve_
vagin/o vagina (sheath)
varic/o swollen or twisted vein
vas/o vessel; duct
vascul/o vessel (blood)
ven/o vein
ventr/o front of body
-version to turn
vertebr/o vertebra
vesic/o urinary bladder
vestibul/o vestibule of inner ear
vir/o virus
viscer/o internal organs
-volemia blood volume
xen/o strange
xer/o dry
-y condition; process
Created by: paulshupe