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CAPTER 9 MED TERMS

MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY CHAPTER 9 MEDICAL TERMS

QuestionAnswer
CEREBELLAR PERTAINING TO THE CEREBELLUM
CEREBRAL PERTAINING TO THE BRAIN
CEREBROSPINAL PERTAINING TO THE BRAIN AND SPINE
CEREBROVASCULAR PERTAINING TO THE BRAIN AND BLOOD VESSELS
CORTICAL PERTAINING TO THE CORTEX
CORTICOSPINAL PERTAINING TO THE CEREBRAL CORTEX AND SPINE
EPIDURAL PERTAINING TO UPON THE DURA MATER
MYONEURAL PERTAINING TO THE MUSCLE AND NERVE; ALSO KNOWN AS NEUROMUSCULAR
NEUROMUSCULAR PERTAINING TO THE MUSCLE AND NERVE ALSO KNOWN AS MYONEURAL
NEUROLOGIST A SPECIALIST IN THE STUDY OF THE DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF NERVOUS SYSTEM DISORDERS
NEUROLOGY THE STUDY OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM INCLUDING DISEASES AND TREATMENT
SUBDURAL PERTAINING TO UNDER THE DURA MATER
THALAMOCORTICAL PERTAINING TO THE THALAMUS AND THE CEREBRAL CORTEX
APHASIA NO SPEECH
ATAXIA NO MUSCULAR COORDINATION
BRADYKINESIA SLOW MOVEMENT
CEREBELLITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE CEREBELLUM
DYSKINESIA IMPAIRED MOVEMENT
DEMYELINATION LACK OF MYELIN SHEATH
DIPLEGIA PARALYSIS (LOSS OR IMPAIRMENT OF MOTOR FUNCTION)
DYSESTHESIA IRRITATING SENSATION IN RESPONSE TO NORMAL STIMULI
DYSPHASIA DIFFICULT SPEECH
ENCEPHALITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE BRAIN
ENCEPHALOMALACIA SOFTENING OF THE BRAIN
ENCEPHALOPATHY ANY DISEASE OF THE BRAIN
GLIOMA TUMOR OF NEUROGLIAL CELLS
HEMATOMA ACCUMULATION OF BLOOD IN A SPACE, ORGAN, OR TISSUE DUE TO A BREAK IN A BLOOD VESSEL
hemiplegia paralysis of either the right or the left half of the body
hydrocephalus accumulation of fuild in the brain
hyperesthesia increased sensation
hyperkinesia excessive motion;hyperactivity
hypoesthesia decreased sensation
meningioma benign tumor of meninges
meningitis inflammation of the meninges
meningocele hernia of the meninges; displacement of the meninges from it's normal position
meningoencephalitis iflammation of the meninges and brain
monoplegia paralysis of one extermity
myelomeningocele hernia of the spinal cord and meninges;displacement of the spinal cord and meninges from their normal position
myeloradiculitis (my-eh-loh-rah-DICK-you-lye-tis) inflammation of the spinal cord AND NERVE ROOTS.
MYELOSCHISIS (my-eh-LOS-kih sis)SPLITTING OF THE SPINAL CORD SPLITTING OF THE SPINAL CORD
NEURALGIA NERVE PAIN
PACHYMENINGITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE PACHYMENINGES.
PACHYMENINGES IS ANOTHER NAME FOR DURA MATER
DEMYELINATION (dee-my-eh-lih-NAY-shun) OCCURS IN A CONDITION CALLED MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
DEMYELINATION OCCURS IN A CONDITION CALLED MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS IN WHICH LOSS OF THE MYELIN SHEATH RESULTS IN A VARIETY OF DISORDERS SUCH AS MUSCLE WEAKNESS,PARALYSIS,VISUAL DISTURBANCES, AND URINARY DYSFUNCTION.
PARAPLEGIA PARALYSIS OF THE LOWER PART OF THE BODY AND LEGS
PARESTHESIA ABNORMAL SENSATION SUCH AS NUMBNESS AND TINGLING
POLIOMYELITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE GRAY MATTER OF THE SPINAL CORD.
POLYNEURITIS INFLAMMATION OF MANY NERVES
QUADRIPLEGIA PARALYSIS OF ALL FOUR LIMBS.
CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY THE CEREBRAL ARTERIES ARE VISUALIZED AFTER INJECTION OF A CONTRAST MEDIUM.
CONTRAST MEDIUM A DYE USED TO HIGHLIGHT STRUCTURES BEING STUDIED.
COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY -(CT SCAN) X-RAY BEAM ROTATES AROUND THE PATIENT, DETAILING THE STRUCTURE AT VARIOUS DEPTHS. THE INFORMATION IS COMPUTER ANALYZED AND CONVERTED TO A PICTURE OF THE BODY PART.
COMMON PARTS STUDIED BY CT SCANS ARE ABDOMEN;KIDNEYS;BRAIN;AND CHEST.
ECHOENCEPHALOGRAPHY PROCESS OF PRODUCING AN IMAGE OF THE BRAIN USING ULTRASOUND.
ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY (EEG) PROCESS OF RECORDING THE ELECTRICAL IMPULSES OF THE BRAIN
MYELOGRAPHY IMAGE OF THE SPINAL CORD IS PRODUCED USING X-RAY AFTER INJECTION OF A CONTRAST MEDIUM.
ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM RECORD OF THE ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY OF THE BRAIN
ALPHA WAVES BRAIN WAVES -TYPICAL OF AWAKE PERSON AT REST
BETA WAVES BRAIN WAVES - TYPICAL OF INCREASED ACTIVITY
DELTA WAVES BRAIN WAVES - TYPICAL OF DEEP SLEEP
SEIZURE DISORDERS EPILEPSY
IN EPILEPSY CONDITIONS THE BRAIN WAVES ARE ABNORMAL IN THAT THEY ARE UNCOORDINATED AND UNORGANIZED.
ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPH INSTRUMENT USED TO RECORD THE ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY OF THE BRAIN.
MYELOGRAM RECORD OF THE SPINAL CORD.
MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING (MRI) A PICTURE OF THE BRAIN PRODUCED BY USING MAGNETIC WAVES.
RADIATION IS NOT USED TO PRODUCE AN IMAGE
ANESTHESIA LOSS OF SENSATION
NEUROLYSIS NERVE DESTRUCTION
SPINAL TAP; LUMBAR PUNCTURE; INSERTION OF A NEEDLE INTO THE SUBARACHNOID SPACE BELOW THE THIRD LUMBAR VERTEBRA TO WITHDRAW CEREBROSPINAL FLUID FOR DIAGNOSTIC PURPOSES.
VENTRICULOSTOMY NEW OPENING IN THE VENTRICLES.
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Created by: saw4study