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SocPsy - Week 1

Social Psychology with Professor Scott Plous

TermDefinition
social psychology The scientific study of how people think about, influence, and relate to one another.
social neuroscience An interdisciplinary field that explores the neural bases of social and emotional processes and behaviors, and how these processes and behaviors affect our brain and biology.
culture The enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next.
social representations A society’s widely held ideas and values, including assumptions and cultural ideologies. Our social representations help us make sense of our world.
hindsight bias The tendency to exaggerate, after learning an outcome, one’s ability to have foreseen how something turned out. Also known as the I-knew-it-all-along phenomenon.
theory An integrated set of principles that explain and predict observed events.
hypothesis A testable proposition that describes a relationship that may exist between events.
field research Research done in natural, real-life settings outside the laboratory.
correlational research The study of the naturally occurring relationships among variables.
experimental research Studies that seek clues to cause–effect relationships by manipulating one or more factors (independent variables) while controlling others (holding them constant).
random sampling Survey procedure in which every person in the population being studied has an equal chance of inclusion.
framing The way a question or an issue is posed; framing can influence people’s decisions and expressed opinions.
independent variable The experimental factor that a researcher manipulates.
dependent variable The variable being measured, so called because it may depend on manipulations of the independent variable.
random assignment The process of assigning participants to the conditions of an experiment such that all persons have the same chance of being in a given condition.
Distinction between random assignment in experiments and random sampling in surveys Random assignment helps us infer cause and effect. Random sampling helps us generalize to a population.
mundane realism Degree to which an experiment is superficially similar to everyday situations.
experimental realism Degree to which an experiment absorbs and involves its participants.
deception In research, an effect by which participants are misinformed or misled about the study’s methods and purposes.
demand characteristics Cues in an experiment that tell the participant what behavior is expected.
debriefing In social psychology, the postexperimental explanation of a study to its participants. Debriefing usually discloses any deception and often queries participants regarding their understandings and feelings.
informed consent An ethical principle requiring that research participants be told enough to enable them to choose whether they wish to participate.
Created by: Steve Robbins