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chapter 1 and 2 voca

chapter 1 vocblary

geography the study of the earth surface and the processes
gis a geographic information system
absolute location the position on the earth in which a place can be found
hemisphere a half of the earth;the equator divides the northern and southern
relative location the position of a place in relation to another place
character of a place the physical and human characteristics that help to distinguish
perception a viewpoint that is influenced by ones own cultures
formal region a group of places that have similar attributes
functional region a group of places connected by movement
perceptual region a group of places that is defined by peoples feelings
core the earths center
mantle a thick layer of mostly solid rock
crust the solid ,rocky surface layer
lithosphere the surface features of the earth
atmosshere the layer of gases
hydrosphere the water contained in oceans
biosphere the world of plants animals and others living things
continent any of the seven large land masses of the earths
relief the differences the in elevation
plate tectonics the theory that the earth's outer shell is composed of a number of large plates
continental drift theory the idea that continents slowly shifts their position
ring of fire a ring of volcanic mountains
weathering the chemical process by which rock
mechanical weathering the actual breaking up or physical weakening of a rock
chemical weatherring the process by which the actual chemical structure
acid rain rain whose high concentration of chemicals
erosion the movement of weathered materials
sediment particles of soil and rock
loess fine-grained, minerals-rich loam, dust
glacier a huge , slow-moving mass of snow and ice
moraine a ridge like mass of rock
weather the condition of the bottom layer of the earth.
climate the term used for the weather
rotation the spinning motion of the earth
revolution one complete orbit of the earth around the sun
solstice either of the two times a year when the sun appears overhead the tropic cancer
equinox either of the two times each year
precipitation all the forms of water that falls to the earth
front the boundary between two masses of air that differ in density
continental climate the type of climate found in northern hemisphere
ecosystem the interaction of a plant life
biome the term used to describe a major type of ecosystem
deciduous leaf-shedding; of a type tree that sheds
coniferous cone-bearing type of tree
chaparral A type of natural vegetation
savanna a tropical grassland with scattered trees
herbivore a plant eater
carnuvore am meat eater
prairie A temperate grassland
tundra A dry, treeless plain where temperatures are always cool or cold
permaforst A layer of soil just below the earth's surface
Created by: christopher shaw



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