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Chapter 3 & 4 vocab

culture The way of life that distinguishes a people for example, government, language, religion, customs, and beliefs.
population density. the average number of people living in a given area.
birthrate The number of live births a year per 1000 people.
immigrant A person who moves into a country.
emigrant A person who leaves a country to live elsewhere .
urbanization The growth of city populations.
rural Of or characteristics of the countryside.
culture hearth A place in which important ideas begin and thereafter spread to surrounding cultures.
cultural convergence the contact and interaction of one culture with another.
diffusion The process by which a cultural element is transmitted from one group or individual to another.
cultural divergance the restriction of a culture from outside influences.
sovereignty a countries freedom and power to decide on policies and actions
unitary system A system of government in which on central government holds most of the political power.
federation a government structure in some powers are given to the national government and other powers are reserved for more local governments.
confederation ya system of government in which individual poitical units keep their sovereignty but give limited power to a central government
authotitarian descriptive of a system of government in which the leaders hold all the political power.
dictatorship a system of government in which all power is held by a small group or one person.
totalitarianism A system of government in which a central authority controls all aspects of society.
monarchy A system of authoritarian government headed by a monarch king, queen,shah, or sultan whose position is usually inherited.
democracy A sustem of government in which the people are inverted with the power to choose their leaders and determine government policy.
traditional economy an economic system in which families produce goods and services for their own use, and a subsistence economy.
matket economy an economic system in which decisions about production price and other economic factors are determined by the law of supply and demand.
command economy An economic system that is controlled by a single central government
natural resource a material in the natural environment that people value.
renewable resource a natural resource that the environment continue to supply of replace as it is used.
nonrenewable resource a natural resource that cannot be replaced once it is used.
fossil fuel any one of several non renewable mineral resources formed from the remains of ancient plants and animals and used for fuel.
nuclear energy a type of energy produced by fission the splitting of uranium atoms in a nuclear reactor.
water power energy produced from falling water to mover machinery of generate electricity.
geothermal energy energy produced fro the earths intense inner heat.
solar energy energy produced by the sun.
primary economic activity an economic activity that takes or uses natural resources directly such as fishing or farming.
subsistence farming farming that provides only enough for the needs of a family or a village.
commercial farming the raising of crops and livestock for sale in markets.
secondary economic activity ` an economic activity in which people use raw materials to produce of manufacture new products of greater value.
cottage industry a small scale manufacturing operationnuseing little technology often located in or near peoples homes.
commercial industry a large scale manufacturing operation hat employs many people and produces large quantities of goods.
tertiary economic activity an economic activity in which people do not directly gather or process raw materials but pursue activities that serve others; service industry.
quaternary economic activity an economic activity that focuses on the acquisition processing and sharing of information sucha as education or research
export an item that is sent out of the country for sale.
import an item that is brought into a country for sale.
Created by: irodgers



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