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med term chapter 9

medical terminology chapter 9

QuestionAnswer
IN WHAT STRUCTURE OF THE BRAIN DO THE NERVSES CROSS THE PONS
SENSORY NEURONS SENSE INTERNAL & EXTERAL ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES & CARRIES THE MESSAGE TO THE BRAIN.
MOTOR NEURONS CARRIE RESPONSES BACK TO THE PART OF THE BODY THAT HAS TO REACT.
THREE MEMBRAINS THAT SERVE AS PROTECTIVE COVERINGS OF THE BRAIN AND SPINAL CORD. DURA MATER; ARACHNOID MATER; PIA MATER
DURA MATER TOUGH AND THICK OUTERMOST MEMBRANE OF THE BRAIN AND SPINAL CORD.
ARACHNOID MATER THE MIDDLE PROTECTIVE MEMBRANE
PIA MATER THE INNER PROTECTIVE MEMBRANES
DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN THE SENSORY & MOTOR NEURONS. SENSORY -SENSES AND CARRIES THE MESSAGE TO THE BRAIN AND THE MOTOR CARRIES RESPONSES BACK TO THE PART OF THE BODY THAT NEEDS TO REACT.
NAME THE NAME & NUMBER OF THE SPINAL NERVES IN ORDER FROM SUPERIOR TO INFERIOR. 1. 8 PAIR OF CERVICAL;12 PAIR OF THORACIC;5 PAIR OF LUMBAR; 5 PAIR OF SACRAL;1 COCCYGEAL
THE CEREBRUM SORROUNDS THE __________________ CEREBRAL CORTEX
CELL BODY THE PART OF A NEURON CONTAINING ORGANELLES
AXON THE PART OF A NEURON THAT TRANSMITS IMPULSES; SOME HAVE A FATTY MYELIN SHEATH.
DENDRITES THE PART OF A NEURON THAT LOOKS LIKE BRANCHES OF A TREE; RESPONSIBLE FOR RECEIVING INFORMATION FROM THE INTERNAL & EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENTS & TRANSMITTING IT TO THE CELL BODY.
MYELIN SHEATH MYELINATED AXONS
CEREBRAL CORTEX GRAY MATER COVERING THE CEREBRUM
NEUROGLIA PROTECTS THE NERVOUS SYSTEM; THEY ENGULF UNWANTED SUBTANCES
LONGITUDINAL FISSURE DIVIDES THE CEREBRUM INTO RIGHT & LEFT HEMISPHERES
THALAMUS ACTS AS A RELAY STATION FOR INCOMING SENSORY STIMULI
NEUROGLIA PROVIDE PROTECTION & NUTRIENTS BY ATTACHING BLOOD VESSELS TO NEURONS.
HYPOTHALAMAS MAINTAINS HOMEOSTATASIS OF APPETIE, THRIST,AND TEMPERATURE
NERVE PAIN NEURALGIA
A SPECIALIST IN THE STUDY OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM AND IT'S DISEASES NEURALOGIST
NERVE DESTRUCTION NEUROLYSIS
INFLAMMATION OF MANY NERVES POLYNEURITIS
RECORD OF THE ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY OF THE BRAIN ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM
HERNIA OF THE MEANINGES MENINGOCELE
HERNIA OF THE SPINAL CORD AND MENINGES MYELOMENINGOCELE
LOSS OF SENSATION ANESTHESIA
DECREASED SENSATION HYPOESTHESIA
INCREASED SENSATION HYPERESTHESIA
IRRITATING SENSATION IN RESPONSE TO NORMAL STIMULI DYESESTHESIA
ABNORMAL SENSATION SUCH AS NUMBNESS AND TINGLING PARESTHESIA
PARALYSIS OF LIKE EXTREMITIES ON BOTH SIDES OF THE BODY DIPLEGIA
PARALYSIS OF ONE EXTREMITY MONOPLEGIA
PARALYSIS OF THE RIGHT HALF OR THE LEFT HALF OF THE BODY HEMIPLEGIA
PARAPLEGIA PARALYSIS OF THE LOWER PART OF THE BODY AND LEGS
PARALYSIS OF ALL FOUR LIMBS QUADRIPLEGIA
ENCEPHALITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE BRAIN
SOFTENING OF THE BRAIN ENCEPHALOMALACIA
ANY DISEASE OF THE BRAIN ENCEPHALOPATHY
CEREBELLUM UNDER THE OCCIPITAL LOBE;PROTRUDES DORSALLY;IMPORTANT IN MAINTAINING BALANCE,MUSCLE COORDINATION & EQUILIBRIUM.
GYRI (JIGH-rye) OR CONVOLUTIONS ON THE SURFACE OF THE CEREBRUM HAS THE APPEARENCE OF LITTLE GRAY BULGES THAT LOOK LIKE SAUSAGES.
FISSURES DEEP GROVES
SULCI (SUL-sigh) SHALLOW GROVES
THE LOBES ARE DIVIDED BY FISSURES
LOBES ARE NAMED AFTER BONES OF THE SKULL
THE 4 LOBES OF THE CEREBRUM ARE FRONTAL;PARIETAL;TEMPORAL; AND OCCIPITAL
THE BRAIN CONSISTS OF : 1. CEREBRUM 2. THALAMUS 3. HYPOTHALAMUS 4. BRAIN STEM 5. CEREBELLUM
CEREBRUM LARGEST PART OF THE BRAIN; COVERED BY THE CEREBRAL CORTEX, WHICH IS DIVIDED INTO RIGHT AND LEFT HEMISPHERES BY THE LONGITUDINAL FISSURES BUT JOINED BY THE CORPUS CALLOSUM
THALAMUS A RELAY STATION FOR SENSORY & MOTOR IMPULSES
HYPOTHALAMUS HELPS REGULATE APPETITE,THIRST,EMOTIONS,& BASIC BEHAVIOR PATTERNS
BRAIN STEM MIDBRAIN, PONS, MEDULLA OBLONGATA; INVOLVED WITH VISUAL & AUDITORY REFLEXES, RESPIRATION, HEART RATE, BLOOD PRESSURE & AROUSAL
CEREBELLUM INVOLVED WITH MAINTAINIING BALANCE,MUSCLE COORDINATION & EQUILIBRIUM
THE CEREBRUM IS COVERED BY THE CEREBRAL CORTEX
THE CEREBRUM ISA DIVIDED INTO RIGHT & LEFT HEMISPHERES BY THE LONGITUDINAL FISSURES
WHAT JOINS THE LEFT AND RIGHT HEMISPHERES OF THE CEREBRUM THE CORPUS CALLOSUM
THE SPINAL CORD STARTS AT THE MEDULLA OBLONGATA
THE SPINAL CORD ENDS AT THE CONUS MEDULLARIS
CAUDA EQUINA (KAW-daH ee-KWI-nah) LOOKS LIKE A HORSE'S TAIL;
THE CNS IS PROTECTED BY 4 THINGS: BONE;MENINGES,CSF,AND BBB.
IN THE PNS THERE ARE 12 PAIRS OF CRANIAL NERVES & 31 PAIR OF SPINAL NERVES
THE NERVOUS SYSTEM HAS THREE FUNCTIONS 1. SENSORY 2. INTEGRATIVE 3. MOTOR
THE CNS CONSIST OF SPINAL CORD & BRAIN
THE PNS CONISTS OF THE SENSORY AND MOTOR NERVES
NEURONS ARE THE CELLS THAT MAKE UP NERVES
SYNAPSE (SIN-apps) A JUNCTION AREA BETWEEN THE NEURON AND ANOTHER NEURON OR MUSCLE
NEUROTRANSMITTER (NEW-ROH-TRANS-MIT-ER) A CHEMICAL RELEASED FROM A LITTLE SAC AT THE END OF THE NERVE.
THE NEUROTRANSMITTER TRAVELS ACROSS THE SYNAPSE AND ACTS ON THE MUSCLE, CAUSING IT TO GENERATE IT'S OWN ELECTRICAL IMPULSE THAT PRODUCES: MUSCLE MOVEMENT
Created by: saw4study