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Rock Cycle

6th Grade Science Chapter 10

QuestionAnswer
Type of rock that forms when molten magma from within Earth cools and solidifies igneous rock
Magma that reaches Earth's surface is called ____. lava
Type of rock that forms when particles of rock and other materials are compacted and cemented together. sedimentary rock
Type of rock that forms when heat and great pressure beneath Earth's surface is applied to igneous or sedimentary rock. metamorphic rock
"metamorphic" means a change of form
Rocks are classified as metamorphic, sedimentary, or igneous based on ___________. how they were formed
Geologists study the physical conditions of the Earth, such as the temperature of material in its interior
Over millions of years, the three different kinds of rock continuously change from one kind into another in this process called the ___________. rock cycle
Could this statement be true? Igneous rock is eroded to form metamorphic rock. No. If igneous rock eroded, it would then form sedimentary rock (not metamorphic rock).
Could this statement be true? Metamorphic rock melts to form sedimentary rock. No. If metamorphic rock melted, it would then form igneous rock (and not sedimentary rock).
Could this statement be true? Igneous rock is heated and squeezed to form metamorphic rock. Yes. Any sedimentary or igneous rock that is heated and squeezed can turn into metamorphic rock.
What type of rock is formed when broken pieces of any kind of rock are deposited into layers and cemented together? sedimentary rock
Erosion and deposition on Earth's surface forms what kind of rock? sedimentary rock
Magma cooling beneath Earth's surface or lava cooling on Earth's surface forms what kind of rock? igneous rock
Heat and pressure beneath Earth's surface form what kind of rock? metamorphic rock
When heat and pressure change the minerals in a rock, what kind of rock is formed? metamorphic rock
When lava cools on Earth's surface, what kind of igneous rock is formed? extrusive igneous rock
When magma cools beneath Earth's surface, what kind of igneous rock is formed? intrusive igneous rock
The innermost layer of the Earth is called the inner core
The uppermost part of the mantle is part of Earth's ______________. lithosphere
Rocks produced when pieces of other rocks, plant and animal matter, or dissolved minerals collect to form rock layers are called sedimentary rock
What type of rock can melt to form magma? any type, sedimentary, igneous, or metamorphic
What kind of rock can weather and erode to form sediment? any type, sedimentary, igneous, or metamorphic
When __________ compacts and cements, sedimentary rock forms. sediment
Created by: Triana Silliman
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