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chapt. 1 vocab

1. geography study of where people, places, and things are located and how they relate to each other
2. GIS uses a computer technology to collect, manipulate, analyze, and display data about the earth's surface in order to solve geographic problems.
3. Absolute location the position on the earth in which a place can be found
4. hemisphere a half of the earth; the equator divides the northern and southern hemispheres; the prime meridian divides eastern and western hemispheres
5. relative location the position of a place in relation to another place
6. character of a place consists of the places physical characteristics and human characteristics
7. perception a viewpoint that is influenced by ones own culture and experiences
8. formal region areas in which certain characteristics are found throughout the area
9. functional region consist of a central place and the surrounding places affected by it.
10. perceptional region a group of places that is defined by peoples feelings and attitudes
11. core the earths center, consisting of very hot metal that is dense and solid in the inner core and molten or liquid in the outer core
12. mantle a thick lyer of mostly solid rock beneath the eearths crust that surrounds the earths core
13. crust the solid rocky surface layer of the earth
14. lithosphere the surface features of the earth including soil rocks and landforms
15. atmosphere the layer of gases, water vapor, and other substances above the earth
16. hydrosphere the water contained in oceans lakes rivers and under the ground
17. biosphere the world of plants animals and other living things in earths land and waters
18. continent any of the seven large landmasses of the earths surface, Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America
19. relief the differences in elevation or height of the land forms in any particular area
20. plate tectonics the theory that the earths outer shell is composed of a number of large unanchored plates or slabs of rock whose constant movement explains earthquakes and volcanic activity
21. continental drift theory the idea that continents slowly shift their positions due to movement of the tectonic plates on which they ride
22. Ring of Fire a ring of volcanic mountains surrounding the pacific ocean
23. weathering the chemical or mechanical process by which rock is gradually broken down eventually becoming soil
24. mechanical weathering the actual breaking up or physical weakening of rock by forces such as ice and roots
25. chemical weathering the process by which the actual chemical structure of rock is changed,usually when water and carbon dioxide cause a breakdown of the rock
26. acid rain rain whose high concentration of chemicals usually from industrial pollution pollutes water kills plant and animal life and eats away at the surface of stone and rock; a form of chemical weathering
27. erosion the movement of weathered materials including gravel soil and sand usually caused by water wind and glaciers
28. sediment particles of soil and rock carried and deposited by water wind or ice
29. glaciers a huge slow moving mass of snow and ice
30. moraines a ridgelike mass of rock gravel sand and clay carried and deposited by glacier
31. loess fine grained mineral rich loam dust or silt deposited by the wind
Created by: hollywest