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world geography per

chapter one vocab

1.geography the study of the earth's surface and the process that shape it,the connections between places,and the complex relationships between people and their environments.
2.GIS A geographic information system,which uses computer technology to collect and analyze data about the earth's surface in order to solve geographic problems.
3.absolute location the position on the earth in which a place can be found.
4.hemishpere A half of the earth;the equator divides the northern and southern hemispheres;the prime meridian divides the eastern and western hemispher.
5.relative location the position of a place in the relation to another place.
6.chapter of a place the physical and human characteristics that help to distinguish a place from other places.
7.perception all the forms of water that fall to earth from the atmosphere,including rain and snow.
8.formal region a group of places that have similar attributes, for example, a political region.
9.functional region a group of places connected by movement, for example, the region drained by the amazon river and its tributaries.
10.perceptual region a group of places that is defined by people's feelings and attitudes.
11.core the earth's center,consisting of very hot metal that is dense and solid in the inner core and molten,or liquid,in the outer.
12.mantle a thick layer of mostly solid rock beneath the earth's crust that surrounds the earth's core.
13.crust the solid,rocky,surface layer of the earth
14.lithoshpere the surface features of the earth,including soil,rock,and landforms
15.atmoshpere the layer of gases,water vapor,and other substances above the earth.
16.hydroshpere the water contained in oceans,lakes,rivers,and under the ground.
17.bioshpere the world of plants,animals,and other living things in earth's land and waters.
18.continent any of the seven large landmasses of the earth's surface: africa,antartica,asia,australia,europe,north america, south america.
19.relief the difference in elevation,or height,of the landforms in any particular area.
20.plate tectonics the theory that the earth's outer shell is composed of a number of large,unanchored plates,or slabs of rocks,whose constant movement explains earthquakes and volcanic activity.
21.continental drift theory the idea that continents slowly shift their positions due to movements of the tectonics plates on which the ride.
22.ring of fire. A ring of volcanic mountains surrounding the pacific ocean.
23.weathering the chemical or mechanical process by which rock is gradually broken down,eventually becoming soil.
24.mechanical weathering the actual breaking up or physical weakening of the rock by forces such as ice and roots.
25.chemical weathering the process by which the actual chemical structure of rock changed,usually when water and carbon dioxide cause a breakdown of the rock.
26.acid rain rain whose high concentration of chemicals,usually from industrial pollution,pollutes water,kills plant and animal life,and eats away at the surface of stone and rock;a form of chemicals weathering.
27.erosion the movement of weathered materials,including gravel,soil,and sand,usually caused by water,wind,and glaciers.
28.sediment particles of soil and rock carried and deposited by water,wind and ice.
29.loess fine-grained, mineral-rich loam, dust,or silt deposited by the wind.
30.glacier a huge, slow-moving mass of snow ans ice.
31.moraine a ridgelike mass of rock,gravel,sand,and clay carried and deposited by a glacier.
Created by: ambermonfort