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ABRSM Musical vocab

ABRSM Musical Vocab (Grade 5)

Musical vocabDefinition
A at, to, by, for, in the style of
Aber but
Accelerando becoming gradually faster
Adagietto rather slow
Adagio slow, leisurely
Adagissimo very slow
Affetuoso tenderly
Affrettando hurrying
Agitato agitated
Alla in the style of
Alla marcia in the style of a march
Alla polacca in the style of a Polonaise
Allargando broadening out
Allegretto slightly slower than allegro
Allegro lively, reasonably fast
Allegro assai very quick
Amabile amiable, pleasant
Andante at walking pace
Andantino a little slower or a little faster than andante
Animato lively, animated
Animé animated, lively
Appassionata with passion
Assai very
Assez enough, sufficiently
Attacca go on immediately
A tempo resume the normal speed
Ausdruck expression
Avec with
Bewegt with movement, agitated
Bravura with boldness and spirit
Breit broad, expansive
Brillante sparkling, brilliant
Cantabile in a singing style
Cantando in a singing style
Cédez yield, relax the speed
Col; Con with
Con anima with deep feeling, soul
Con brio with vigour
Con moto with movement
Con spirito with spirit, life, energy
Crescendo [cresc.] gradually louder
Da capo [D.C.] from the beginning
Dal segno [D.S.] repeat from the sign
Deciso with determination
Decrescendo [decresc.] gradually softer
Delicato delicately
Diminuendo [dim.] gradually softer
Dolce sweetly
Dolcissimo very sweetly
Dolente sadly
Dolore grief, sorrow
Doppio double
Doppio movimento double the speed
Douce sweet
Ein a, one
Einfach simple
En dehors prominent
Energico with energy
Espressione expression
Espressivo [Espress,. Espr.] with expression, feeling
Et and
Etwas somewhat, rather
Facile easy
Fortepiano [fp] loud, then immediately soft
Fine the end
Forte [f] loud
Fortissimo [ff] very loud
Forza force, power
Forzando [fz] with strong accent
Frölich cheerful, joyful
Fuoco fire
Furioso furiously
Giocoso merry
Giusto exact, proper
Grandioso in a grand manner
Grave very slow
Grazioso gracefully
Immer always
Lacrimoso tearfully
Langsam slow
Langamente in a broad style
Larghetto faster than largo
Largo slow and stately, broad
Lebhaft lively
Legatissimo as smoothly as possible
Legato smoothly
Légèrement lightly
Leggiero lightly
Lent slow
Lento slowly
L'Istesso the same
Ma but
Ma non troppo but not too much
Maestoso majestically
Mais but
Marcato marked, accented
Martellato hammered out
Marziale in a military style
Mässig at a moderate speed
Meno less
Meno mosso less movement
Mesto sadly
Mezzo forte [mf] moderately loud
Mezzo piano [mp] moderately soft
Misterioso mysteriously
Mit with
Moderato at a moderate pace
Modéré at a moderate speed
Moins less
Molto much
Morendo dying away
Mosso movement
Moto movement
Movimento movement
Nicht not
Niente nothing
Nobilmente nobly
Non not
Non tanto not so much
Non troppo not too much
Ohne without
Parlando in a speaking manner
Parlante in a speaking manner
Pastorale in a pastoral style
Patetico with feeling
Perdendosi dying away
Pesante heavily
Peu little
Pianissimo [pp] very soft
Piano [p] soft
Pizzicato [pizz.] plucked
Plus more
Poco a poco little by little
Possibile possible
Presto possibile as fast as possible
Presser hurry
En pressant hurrying on
Prestissimo as fast as possible
Presto very quick
Quasi as if, resembling
Ralentir slow down
Rallentando [rall.] becoming gradually slower
Retenu held back
En retenant holding back
Risoluto boldly
Ritardanado [ritard. rit.] gradually slower
Ritenuto [riten. rit] hold back, slower at once
Ritmico rhythmically
Ruhig peaceful
Sans without
Scherzando playfully
Scherzo a joke
Schnell fast
Semplice simple
Sempre always
Senza without
Sforzando [sf, sfz] with a sudden accent
Simile [sim.] in the same way
Slargando gradually slower
Slentando gradually slower
Smorzando dying away
Sonoro with rich tone
Sopra above
Sospirando sighing
Sostenuto sustained
Sotto below
Sotto voce in an undertone
Spiritoso lively, animated
Staccatissimo very detached
Stringendo gradually faster
Subito suddenly
Süss sweet
Tanto so much
Tempo speed, time
Tempo comodo at a comfortable speed
Tempo primo resume the original speed
Tempo rubato with some freedom of time
Tenuto held on
Tranquillo quietly
Traurig sad
Très very
Triste, Tristamente sad, sorrowful
Troppo too much
Tutti all
Und and
Veloce swift
Vibrato vibrating
Vif lively
Vite quick
Vivace, Vivo lively, quick
Vivacissimo very lively
Voce voice
Voll full
Volta time
Prima volta first time
Seconda volta second time
Volti subito [V.S] turn the page quickly
Wenig little
Wieder again
Zart tender, delicate
Zu to, too
Created by: 06hamblingc
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