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worldgeo 1

chapter one vocab

1. geography the study of the earths surface and the processes that shape it the connections between places and the complex relationships between people and their environments.
2. gis a geographic information system which uses computer technology to collect and analye daa about the earth surface in order to solve geographic problems.
3.absolute location the position on the earth in which a place can be found.
4. hemisphere a half of the earth the equator divides the norther and southern hemispheres the prime meridian divides the eastern and western hemispheres.
5.relative location the position of a place in relation to another place.
6.character of a place the physical and human characteristics that help to distinguish a place form other places.
7.perception a viewpoint that is influences by ones own culture and experiences.
8.formal region a group of places that each similar attributes for example a political region.
9.functional region a group of places connected by movement for example the region drained by the amazon river and its tributes.
10.perceptual region a group of places that is defined by peoples feelings and attitudes.
core the earth's center consiting of very hot metal that is dense and solid in the inner core and molten or liquid in the outer core.
mantle a thick later of mostly solid rock beneath the earths crust that surrounds the earths core.
crust the solid rocky surface layer of the earth.
lithosphere the surface features of the earth including soil rocks and land forms.
atmosphere the layer of gases water vapor and other substances above the earth.
hydrosphere the water contained in oceans lakes rivers and under the ground.
biosphere the world of planes animals and other living things in earths land and waters.
continent any of the secen large landmasses of the earths surface aria Antarctica Asia Australia Europe north america and south america.
relief the differences in elevation or high of the land forms in any particular area.
plate tectonics the theory that the earths outer shell is composed of a number of large anchored planes or slabs of rock whose constant movement explained earthquake and volcanic activity.
continental drift theory the idea that continents slowl shift their positions sue to movement off the tectonic pales on which they ride.
ring of fire a ring of volcanic mountains surrounding the pacific ocean.
weathering the chemical or mechanic process by which rock is gradually broken down eventually becoming soil.
mechanical weathering the actual breaking up of physical weakening of rock by forces such as ice and roots.
chemical weathering the process by which the actual chemical structure of Braddock is changed usually when eater and carbon dioxide course a breakdown of the rock.
acid rain rain whose high concentration of chemical usually from industrial pollution pollutes water kills plant and animal life and eats away at the surface of stone and rack a form of chemical weathering.
Created by: justinallendehay