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World Geography

ch 1 voc

1 Geography study of the earth's surface and the processes that shape it
2 Gis a geographic information system
3 Absolute Location the position on the earth in which a place can be found
4 Hemisphere A half of the earth
5 Relative Location the position of a place in relation to another place
6 Character Of A Place the physical and human characteristics that help to distinguish a place from other places
7 Perception a viewpoint that is influenced by one's own culture and experiences
8 Formal Region a group of places that have similar attributes
9 Functional Region a group of places connected by movement
10 Perceptual Region a group of places that is defined by people's feeling's and attitudes
11 core the earth's center, consisting of very hot metal that is dense and solid the inner core and molten, or liquid, in the outer core.
12 manatle a thick layer of mostly solid rock beneath the earth's crust that surrrounds the earth's core.
13 lihosphere the surface features of the earth, including soil, rocks, and landforms
14 atmosphere the layer of gases, water vapor, and other substances above the earth
15 hydrosphere the water contained in oceans, lakes, rivers, and under the ground
16 biosphere the world of plants, animals, and other living things in earth's land and waters
17 continent any of the seven large landmasses of the earth's surface: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North American, and South America
18 relief the differences in elevation, or height, of the land forms in any particular area
19 plate tectonics the theory that the earth's outer shell is composed of a number of large, anchored plates, or slabs of rock, whose constant movement explains earthquakes and volcanic activity
20 continental drift theory the idea that continents slowly shift their positions due to movement of the tectonic plates on which they ride
21 ring of fire a ring of volcanic mountains surrounding the pacific ocean.
22 weathering the chemical or mechanical process by which rock is gradually broken down, eventually becoming soil.
23 mechanical weathering the actual breaking up or physical weakening of rock by forces such as ice and roots
25 chemical weathering the process by which the actual chemical structure of rock is changed, usually when water and carbon dioxide cause a break of the rock
26 acid rain rain whose high concentration of chemicals, usually form industrial pollution, pollutes water, kills plant and animal life, and eats away at the surface of stone and rock; a form of chemical weathering
27 erosion the common currency used by member nations of the European union
28 sediment particles of soil and rock carried and carried and deposited by water, wind, or ice
29 loess fine-grained, mineral-rich loam, dust, or silt deposited by the wind
30 glacier a huge, slow-moving mass of snow and ice
31 moraine a ridge like mass of rock, gravel, sand, and clay carried and deposited by a glacier
Created by: cookbrendan