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World Geo 0

Chapter 1 vocabulary

1.Geography the study of earths surface and the process that shape it, the connections between places, and the complex relationships between people and their environment.
2.GIS a Geographic Information System, which uses computer technology to collect and analyze data about the earth's surface in order to solve geographic problems.
3.Absolute location the position on the earth in witch a place can be found.
4.Hemispheres a half of the earth; the Equator divides the Northern and Southern hemisphere; the Prime Meridian divides the Western and Eastern hemispheres.
5.Relative Location the position of a place in relation to another place
6.Character of a Place the physical and human characteristics that help to distinguish a place from another place.
7.Perception a viewpoint that is influenced by one's own culture and experience.
8.Formal Regions a group of place that similar attributes, for example, a political region.
9.Functional Regions a group of place connected by movement, for example, the region drained by the Amazon River and it tributaries.
10.Perceptual Regions a group of place that is defined by peoples feelings and attitudes.
11.Core the earths center, consisting of very hot metal that is dense and solid in the inner core and molten, or liquid, in the outer core.
12.Mantle a thick layer of mostly solid rock beneath the earth's crust that surrounds the earth's core.
13.Crust the solid,rocky,surface layer of the earth.
14.Lithosphere the surface feature of the earth,including solid,rock,and land forms.
15.Atmosphere the layer of gas, water vapor, and other substances above the earth.
16.Hydrosphere the water contained in oceans, lakes, rivers, and under the ground.
17.Biosphere the world of plants, animals, and other living things in earth's land and waters.
18.Continent any of the seven large landmasses of the earth's surface: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America.
19.Relief the difference in elevation, or height, of the land forms in any particular area.
20.Plate Tectonics the theory that the earth's outer shell is composed of a number of large, unanchored, or slabs of rock, whose constant movement explains earthquakes and volcano activity.
21.Continental Drift Theory the idea that continents slowly shift their position due to movement of the tectonic plates on witch they ride.
22.Ring of Fire a ring of volcanic mountains surrounding the Pacific Ocean.
23.Weathering the chemical or mechanical process by which rock is gradually broken down, eventually becoming soil
24.Mechanical Weathering the actual breaking up or physical weakening of rock by forces such as ice and roots
25.Chemical Weathering the process by which the actual chemical structure of rock is changed, usually when water and carbon dioxide cause a breakdown of the rock
26.Acid Rain rain whose high concentration of chemicals, usually from industrial pollution, pollutes water, kills plant and animal life, and eats away at the surface of stone and rock of chemical weathering
27.Erosion the movement of weathered materials, including gravel, soil, and sand, usually caused by water, wind , and glaciers
28.Sediment small particles of soil, sand, and gravel carried and deposited by water
29.Loess fine-grained, mineral-rich loam, dust, or silt deposited by the wind
30.Glacier a huge, slow-moving mass of snow and ice,
31.Moraine a ridge-like mass of rock, gravel, sand, and clay carried and deposited by a glacier
Created by: mikaylacardona