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World Geo1

Ch 1 vocabulary

Geography The study of the earth's surface and the process that shape it, the connections between people and their environments.
Gis A geographic information system, witch uses computer technology to collect and analyze data about the earth's surface in order to solve geographic problems.
Absolute location The position on the earth in which a place can be found.
Hemispheres A half of the earth; the equator divides the Northern and Southern hemispheres; the Prime Meridian divides the eastern and western hemispheres.
Relative location The position of a place in relation to another place.
Character of a place The physical and human characteristics that help to distinguish a place from other places.
Perception A viewpoint that is influenced by one's own culture and experience.
Formal Regions A group of places that have similar attributes, for foe example, a political region.
Functional regions A group of places connected by movement, for example, the region drained by the amazing river and its tributaries.
Pereceptual regions A group of places that is defined by people's feelings and attitudes.
Core The earth's center, consisting of very hot metal that is dense and solid in the inner core and molten, or liquid, in the outer core.
Mantle A thick layer of mostly solid rock beneath the earth's crust that surrounds the earth's core.
Crust The solid, rocky, surface layer of the earth.
Lithosphere The surface features of the earth, including soil, rocks, and land forms.
Atmosphere The layer of gases, water vapor, and other substances above the earth.
Hydrosphere The water contained in oceans, lakes, rivers, and under the ground.
Biosphere The world of plants, animals, and other living things in earths land and waters.
Continents Any of the seven large landmasses of the earth's surface: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, South America.
Relief The differences in elevation, or height, of the land forms in any particular area.
Plate tectonics The theory that the earth's outer shell is composed of a number of large, un-anchored plates, or slabs of rock, who's constant movement explains earthquakes and volcanic activity.
Continental drift theory the idea that continents slowly shift their positions due to movement of the tectonic plates on which they ride.
Ring of fire A ring of volcanic mountains surrounding the pacific ocean.
Weathering The chemical or mechanical process by which rock is gradually broken down, eventually becoming soil.
Mechanical weathering The actual breaking up or physical
Chemical weathering
Acid rain
Created by: KallieGodfrey