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World Geography

Ch.B bocabullary

1.Geography 1.The study of the earth'surface and the process that shape it, the connections between places, and the complex relationship between people and their invoroments
2.GIS 2.A geographic information system, which uses computer technology to collect and analyze data about
3.absolute location 3.The position on the earth in which a place can be found
4.hemisphere 4.A half of the earth;equator divides the north and southern hemispheres; the prime meridian divides the
5.relative location 5.The position of a place in relation to another place
6.character of a place 6.The physical and human characteristics that help to distinguish a place from other places
7.precipitation 7.viewpoint that is influenced by their own culture
8.formal region 8.Formal Region A group of places that have similar attributes for example a political region
9.functional region 9.Functional Region A group of places connected by movement for example the region drained by the Amazon River its tributaries
10.perceptual region 10.Perceptual Region a group of places that is defined by people’s feelings and attitudes
11. Core The Earth's center consisting of very hot metal
12.mantle A thick layer of mostly solid rock beneath the earth crust that surrounds the earth`s core,
13.Crust the solid rocky,surface layer of the earth.
14. lithosphere The surface features of the earth, including soil,rocks,and land forms.
15.atmosphere the layer of gases,water vapor,and other substances above the earth.
16. hydrosphere the water contained in oceans,lakes,rivers and under graund
17.biosphere the world of plants, and animals,and others living things in the earth, land and water.
18.continent any of the seven landmasses of the earth`s surface,Africa,Antarctica,Asia,Australia,Europe,North America,\and south America
19.relief the differences in elevation,or height,of the land forms any particular Area.
20.plate tectonics a theory explaining the structure of the earth's crust and many associated phenomena as resulting from the interaction of rigid lithospheric plates that move slowly over the underlying mantle.
21 continental drift theory the gradual movement of the continents across the earth's surface through geological time
22.ring of fire A ring of volcanic mountains surrounding the pacific ocean
23.whetering the chemical or mechanical process by which the rock is gradually broken down, eventually becoming soil
24.mechanical whethering the actual breaking up or physical weakening of rock by forces such as ice
25.chemical whethering the process by which the actual chemical structure of rock is changed,usually when of water carbon dioxide cause breakdown of the rock
26.acid rain rain whose high concentration chemicals,usually from industrial pollution,pollutes water,kills plant and animal life,and eats away at the surface of stone and rocks; a form of chemical weathering,
27.erosion the movement of weathered materials, including gravel,soil, and sand,usually.
28.sediment particles of soil and rock carried and deposited by water,wind,or ice
29.loess fine-grained mineral-rich loam,dust,or silt deposited by the wind
30.glacier a huge,slow moving mass of snow and ice,
31.moraine a ridge like a mass of rock,gravel,sand and clay carried and deposited by a glacier
Created by: Victor42



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