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world Geography

Chapter 1 Vocabulary

1.Geography The study of the earth's surface and the processes that shape it, the connections between places, and the complex relationships between people and their enviornment
2. GIS A geographical information system, which uses computer technology to collect and analyze data about the earth's surface in order to solve geographical problems
3.Absolute location The position on the earth in which a place can be found
4.Hemisphere A half of the earth; the Equator divides the northern and southern hemispheres; the prime meridian divides the Eastern and Western heimsphere
5.Relative location The position of a place in relation to another place.
6.Character of a place The physical and human characteristics that help to distinguish a place from other places
7.Perception A viewpoint that is influenced by the one'sown culture and experiences
8.formal region A group of places that have similar attributes, for example a political region
9.Functional region A group of places connected by movement,for example, the region drained by the Amazon river and its tributaries
10.Perceptual region A group of places that is defined by people's feelings and attitudes.
11.Core The earth's center, consisting of very hot metal that is dense and solid in the inner core and molten, or liquid, in the outer core
12.Mantle A thick layer of mostly solid rock beneath the earth's crust that surrounds the earth's core
13.Crust The solid, rocky, surface layer of the earth
14.lithosphere The surface features of the earth, including soil, rocks and landforms
15. Atmosphere The layers of gases, water vapor, and other substances above the earth
16.Hydrosphere The water contained in oceans, lakes, rivers, and under the ground
17.Biosphere The world of plants, animals, and other living things on earth's land and waters
18.Continent Any of the seven large landmasses of the earth's surface: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America
19.Relief The differences in elevation, or height, of the landforms in any particular area.
20.Plate tectonics The theory that the earth;s outer shell is composed of a number of large, unachored plate, or slabs of rock, whose constant movement explains earthquakes and volcanic activity
21.Continental drift theory The idea that the continents slowly shift their positions due to movement of the tectonic plates on which they ride
22.Ring of fire A ring of volcanic mountians surrounding the pacific ocean
23.Weathering The chemical or mechanical process by which rock is gradually broken down, eventually becoming soil
24.Mechanical weathering The actual breaking up or physical weakening of rock by forces such as ice and roots
25.Chemical weathering The process by which the actual chemical structure of rock is changed, usually when water and carbon dioxide cause a breakdown of the rock
26.Acid rain Rain whose high concentration of chemicals usually form industrial pollution, pollutes water, kills plant and animal life, and eats away at the surface of stone and rock; a form of chemical weathering
27.Erosion The movement of weathered materials including gravel soil and sand, usually caused by water wind and glaciers
28.Sediment Particles of soil and rock carried and deposited by water, wind, or ice.
29.loess Fine-grained, mineral-rich loam, dust or silt deposited by the wind
30.Glacier A huge slow moving mass of snow and ice.
31.Moraine A ridgelike mass of rock, gravel, sand, and clay carried and deposited by a glacier
Created by: madisonhudson



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