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PHM Term Week 5


Antithyroid drugs Group of drugs administered to treat hyperthyroidism
Diabetes mellitus Chronic condition in which the body is unable to properly convert food into energy
Diabetic neuropathy Nerve disorder caused by diabetes
Fasting blood glucose Blood glucose level after a person has not eaten for 8 to 12 hours
Gestational diabetes Diabetes that may be caused by the hormones of pregnancy or a shortage of insulin
Grave's disease Autoimmune disorder that causes hyperthyroidism
Hashimoto's disease Autoimmune disorder that causes hypothyroidism
Hyperglycemia Elevated blood glucose levels
Hypoglycemia Decreased blood glucose levels
Hyperthyroidism Condition in which there is an excessive production of thyroid hormones
Hypothyroidism Condition in which there is insufficient production of thyroid hormones
Insulin resistance Condition in which the body does not respond to insulin
Postprandial After eating
Prediabetes Condition of impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance in which the body consistently has high normal glucose levels
Radioactive idodine uptake Test, using radioactive iodine, to screen for thyroid disease
T4 test Measure of "free" circulating thyroid hormone
Thyroid antibody test Diagnostic test used to measure levels of thyroid antibodies that are diagnostic for autoimmune thyroid disease
Thyroid releasing factor Hormone released by the hypothalamus that stimulates the pituitary gland to release thyroid-stimulating hormone
Thyroid stimulating hormone Hormone released by the pituitary gland that stimulates the thyroid gland to produce and released thyroid hormones
Tetraiodothyronine Most abundant thyroid hormone, also known as thyroxine
Triglyceride Form in which fat is stored in the body
Triiodothyronine Hormone secreted by the thyroid gland
TSH test Diagnostic test to measure the level of thyroid-stimulating hormone in the blood
Type 1 diabetes Autoimmune disease in which beta cells are destroyed and insufficient amounts of insulin are produced
Type 2 diabetes Condition where the pancreas produces a sufficient amount of insulin, but insulin receptors lack sensitivity to the insulin produced and the body is unable to use the insulin effectively
Created by: 1662466248



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