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pharmacology abbreviations

a before
a.c. before meals
ASA asprin
A.S. left ear
AS left ear
A.U. both ears
AU both ears
B.I.D. twice a day
b.i.d. twice a day
bid twice a day
c with
D/C discontinue or discharge
DR drug resistant
D.S. double strength
DS double strength
elix. elixir
ad lib as desired
APAP acetaminophen
A,D, right ear or Alzheimer's disease
AD right ear or Alzheimer's disease
cap(s) capsule(s) or caplet(s)
comp. compound
CR controlled release
C-R controlled release
D decongestant
ER extended release
ES extra strength
FA folic acid
GHB gammahydroxybutyrate or date rape drug
h or hr hour
h.s. hours of sleep
INJ or inj injection
K potassium
KCL potassium chloride
MS morphine sulfate or multiple sclerosis or magnesium sulfate
MSO morphine sulfate
MgSO magnesium sulfate
HS half strength
HTN hypertension
IB ibuprofen
IND investigational new drug
LA or L.A. or L-A long acting
liq. liquid
MDR multidrug resistant or minimum daily requirements
MN midnight
ND nondrowsy
NIH National Institutes of Health
NKA no known allergies
NKDA no known drug allergies
NPO or n.p.o. nothing by mouth
NR no refills
NS or NSS normal saline solution
p after
p.c. or pc after meals
PT or Pt patient
PCN penicillin
Q.D. or q.d. or qd every day
q.h. or qh every hour
q.2.h. or q2h every 2 hours
Q.I.D. or q.i.d. four times a day
O.D. or OD right eye or over dose
O.S. or OS left eye
O.U. or ou both eyes
OTC or otc over the counter
PCA patient controlled analgesia
PRN or p,r,n, as needed (whenever necessary)
q every
Q.O.D. or q.o.d. every other day
RDA recommended daily allowance
RFs refills
RPh registered pharmacist
Rx prescription
s without
SA sustained action
SPF sun protection factor
syp. syrup
tab or tabs tablet(s)
TDM therapeutic drug monitoring
T.I.D. or t.i.d. three times a day
UD unit dose
ung. or oint. ointment
WHO World Health Organization
SR slow release or sustained release
ss one half or sliding scale
stat now
TPN total parenteral nutrition AKA hyperalimentation ("hyperal")
TPN refers to the administration of all nutrients intrevenously
WNL within normal limits
w/o without
XL extended length
XR extended release
> greater than
< less than
inter between
enter/o intestines
for every artery there is a vein
subclavian under clavicle
bifurcation means to branch
Created by: kristina.d1984