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Special Views-CR

Special Views with central ray placement

Special ViewCentral Ray Placement
Mortise Joint (Ankle) Perpendicular at ankle joint midway between malleoli.
Calcaneus (Foot) Cephalic angle of 40 degrees to long axis of foot
Causton Method (Foot-Sesamoids) First MTP joint at 40-degree angle toward heel
Isherwood Method (Subtalar) - Foot Perpendicular 1-inch distal/1-inch anterior to lateral malleolus
Kandel Method (Foot) 40 degrees anteriorly thru leg
Kite Method (Clubfoot) - Lateral Perpendicular to mid-tarsal area
Kite Method (Clubfoot) - AP 15 degree posterior angle
Lewis and Holly Methods (Sesamoids) Perpendicular and tangential to first MTP joint
Clements Nakayama Method (Hip) 15 degrees posteriorly and aligned perpendicular to femoral neck
Danelius-Miller Method (Hip) aka CROSS-TABLE or SURGICAL-LATERAL Enters mid-thigh and passes thru femoral neck about 2.5 inches below intersection.
Judet Method (Hip) Entering 2 inches inferior to ASIS of affected side in 45-degree LPO or RPO position.
Lauenstein and Hickey Methods (Hip) Perpendicular thru hip joint, midway between ASIS and pubic symphysis
Beclere Method (Intercondylar Fossa) Entering knee joint half-inch below patellar apex
Camp-Coventry Method (Knee) Angled 40 degrees when knee flexed 40 degrees
Holmblad Method (Intercondylar fossa) aka TUNNEL PROJECTION Kneeling with angle of 70 degrees between femur and table
Hughston Method (Patella) 45 degrees cephalic and thru patellofemoral joint
Kuchendorf Method (Patella) Between patella and femoral condyles at angle of 25-30 degrees caudal
Merchant Method (Patella) Bilateral knees with 30-degree caudad CR -to-femur angle
Settegast Method (Patella) aka SUNRISE or SUNSET Perpendicular to joint space between patella and femoral condyles when joint is perpendicular.
Weight-Bearing Method (Knee) Entering half-inch below patella apices
Lewis and Holly Method (Lewis Version) Foot resting on TOES.
Lewis and Holly Method (Holly Version) Foot resting on HEELS.
Modified Cleaves Method (Femoral Neck) (aka BILATERAL FROG LEG) Perpendicular to enter patient's MSP at level 1-inch superior to pubic symphysis.
Original Cleaves Method (Femoral Neck) Parallel with femoral shafts with angle variation between 25 and 45 degrees.
Bridgeman Method (Pelvis) 40 degrees caudad, entering level of ASIS
Taylor Method (Pelvis) MALES: 20-35 degrees cephalic and centered 2 inches distal to pubic symphysis; FEMALES: 30-45 degrees cephalic and centered 2 inches distal to upper border of pubic symphysis.
Weight-Bearing Composite Method - Standing (AP Axial Foot) Posterior angulation 15 degrees; anterior angulation of 25 degrees on posterior ankle.
Weight-Bearing Method - Standing (AP Axial) Angled 10 degrees toward heel
Created by: rad1958tech