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PHM Term week 4


Addison's Disease Disorder caused by a decrease of adrenocortical hormones
Antinuclear antibody Abnormal antibody that attacks the nucleus of normal cells in the body
Ataxia Condition that causes the muscles to fail to function in a coordinated manner
Autoantibody Abnormal antibody that attacks healthy cells abd tissue
Autocrine Denoting a mode of hormone action in which a hormone binds to receptors and affects the function of the cell type that produced it
Autoimmune disease Condition in which a person's tissues are attacked by his or her immune system
Bone mineral density Measurement that is taken to determine the degree of bone loss
Catecholamines Hormones made in the brainstem, nervous system and adrenal glands
Calcitonin Thyroid hormone that helps regulate blood concentrations of calcium abd phosphate
Cretinism Condition in which the development of the brain and body is inhibited by congenital lack of thyroid secretion
Cushing's disease Syndrome caused by excessive production of adrenocorticotropic hormone
Demyelination Damage caused by recurrent inflammation of myelin that results in nervous system scars that interrupt communication between the nerves and the rest of the body
Dermatomyositis Form of myositis that affects muscles and the skin
Diabetes mellitus Chronic condition in which the body in unable to properly convert food into energy
Exophthalmos Prominence of the eyeball caused by increased throid hormone
Glucose Simple sugar
Goiter Condition in which the thyroid gland is enlarged because of a lack of iodine, known as simple goiter, or because of a tumor, known as toxic goiter
Graves' Disease Autoimmune disorder that causes hyperthroidism
Homeostasis The equilibrium pertaining to the balance of the body with respect to fluid levels, pH level, and chemicals
Hormones Chemical substances produced and secreted by an endocrine duct into the bloodstream of duct that result in a physiological response at a specific target tissue
Hypercalcemia Unusually high concentration of calcium in the blood
Hyperglycemia Elevated blood glucose levels
Hypocalcemia Low concentration of calcium
Hypoglycemia Decreased blood glucose levels
Interferons Antiviral proteins that enhance t-cell recognition of antigens and produce immune system suppression
Multiple sclerosis Autoimumune disease that causes progressive damage to nerves, resulting in spasticity, pain, mood changes and other physical symptoms
Myasthenia gravis Autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks the muscle cells at the neuromuscular junction and is characterized by muscle weakness
Myelin Fatty covering that insulates nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord
Myelin basic protein Major component of myelin that can be detected in the cerebrospinal fluid of people with multiple sclerosis
Myositis Autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the muscles
Myxedema Condition associated with a decrease in overall thyroid function in adults; also known as hypothryroidism
Neuroblastomas Tumors of the neural crest
Osteoblasts Cells responsible for bone formation, deposition, aqnd mineralization of the collagen matrix of bone
Osteoclasts Cells responsible for bone resorption
Osteolysis Dissolution or degradation of bone
Osteopenia Decrease in bone mineral density that is the precursor osteoporosis
Osteoporosis Loss of bone mass that occurs throughout the skeletons, predisposing patients to fractures
Paget's disease Condtion that affects older adults in which the density of the bones decrease, resulting in softening and weakening
Paracrine Denoting a type of hormone function in which hormone synthesized in and released from endocrine cells binds to it's receptor
Pheochromocytoms Tumors of the adrenal gland that produce excess adrenaline
Plaques Patchy areas of inflammation and demyelination that disrupt nerve signals between the brain and the rest of the body
Polymyositis Form of myositis that affects multiple muscles, particularly the muscles closest to the trunk
Remodeling Process of continual turnover of bone
Resorption Process where bone is broken down into mineral ions
Rheumatoid arthritis Chronic disease characterized by inflammation of the joints
Rheumatoid factor Immunoblobulin that is present in many people who have rheumatoid arthritis
Simmond's disease A pituitary disorder that is a form of hypopituarism in which all pituitary secretions are deficient
Spermatogenesis The process of producing sperm with half the number of chromosomes
Synovium Thin layer of tissue that lines the joint space
Systemic lupus erythematosus Autoimmune disease that affects nearly all body systems
Thyroxine Thyroid hormone derived from tyrosine
Triiodothyronine Thyroid hormone that helps regulate growth and development
Tumor necrosis Inflammatory cytokine released as part of the immune response and found in synovial fluid of people with reumatoid arthritis
Trigger Something that stimulates the onset of symptoms or disease in people
Created by: 1662466248



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