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Week 3 terminology

TermDefinition
anoxia absence of oxygen supply to cells that results in damage or death
anticoagulant drug that is used to prevent clot formation
antiplatelet drug that prevents accumulation of platelets
antithrombotic drug that inhibits clot formation by reducing the coagulation action of the blood protein thrombin
atherosclerosis accumulation of fatty deposits in the walls of arteries
artherothrombosis formation of a blood clot in an artery
atrial fibrillation rapid and uncoordinated contractions
atrial flutter irregular heart beat in which contractions in the atrium exceed the number of contractions in the ventricle
cholesterol dietary lipid normally synthesized by the body
depolarization process where the heart muscle conducts an electrical impulse causing a contraction
ectopic occuring in an abnormal location
electrical cardioversion process of applying an electrical shock to the heart with a defibrillator
embolic stroke stroke caused by an emboli obstruction the flow of blood through an artery
hemorrhagic stroke sudden bleeding in or around the brain
hemostasis process of stopping blood flow
HDL good cholesterol
hyperlipidemia abnormally high llipid levels in the plasma
hypoxia reduced oxygen delivered to cells
infarction area of tissue that has died because of a sudden lack of blood supply.
ischemia deficient blood supply to an area of the body
ischemic stroke ischemia in the brain
lipoprotein protein found in the plasma that transports triglycerides and cholesterol
LDL bad cholesterol
mitral valve stenosis disease of the mitral valve
platelets structures found in blood that are involved in the coagulation process
partial thromboplastin time test given to determine the effectiveness of heparin in reducing anithrombotic activity
prothrombin time test given to determine the effectiveness of warfarin in reducing clotting time
refractory period time between contractions that it takes for repolarization to occur
repolarization period of time when the heart is recharging and preparing for another contraction
rhabdomyolysis breakdown of muscle fibers and release of muscle fiber contents into the circulation
stenosis stiffening and narrowing of the arteries
supraventricular tachycardia heart rate up to 22 beats/min that originates above the ventricles
thombolytic medication used to break up a thrombus or blood clot
thrombotic stroke stroke caused by thrombosis
tissue pasminogen activator naturally occuring thrombolytic substance
transient ischemic attack stroke that typically lasts for a few minutes
triglycerides storage form of energy found in fat tissue muscle
ventricular fibrillation life threatening arrhythmia where the heart beats up to 600 beats/min
ventricular tachycardia ventricles beat faster than 200 beats/min
Aneurysm weakened spot of an artery wall that has stretched or burst
Created by: 1924749