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PHM Term week 3

List

TermDefinition
Aneurysm Weakened spot of the artery wall that has streched or burst
Anoxia Absence of oxygen supply to cells that results in damage or death
Anticoagulant Drug that is used to prevent clot formation
Antiplatelet Drug that prevents accumulation of platelets
Antithrombotic Drug that inhibits clot formation by reducing the coagulation action of the blood protein thrombin
Atherosclerosis Accumulation of the fatty deposits in the walls of the arteries
Atherothrombosis Formation of a blood clot in an artery
Atrial Fibrillation Rapid and uncoordinated contractions
Atrial flutter Irregular heart beat in which contractions in atrium exceed the number of contractions in the ventricle
Cholesterol Dietary lipid normally synthesized by the body
Depolarization Process where the heart muscle conducts an electrical impulse causing a contraction
Ectopic Occurring in an abnormal location
Electrical cardioversion Process of applying an electrical shock to the heart with a defibrillator
Embolic stroke Stroke caused by an emboli obstructing the flow of blood through an artery
Hemorrhage stroke Sudden bleeding into or around the brain
Hemostasis Process of stopping the flow of blood
High-density lipoprotein Good cholesterol
Hyperlipidemia Abnormally high lipid levels in the plasma
Hypoxia Reduced oxygen deliver to cells
Infarction Area of tissue that has died because of a sudden lack of blood supply
Ischemia Deficient blood supply to an area of the body
Ischemic stroke Ischemia in the brain
Lipoprotein Protein found in the plasma that transports triglycerides and cholesterol
Low-density lipoprotein Bad Cholesterol
Mitral valve stenosis Disease of the mitral valve
Platelets Structures found in the blood that are involved in the coagulation process.
Partial thromboplastin time Test given to determine effectiveness of heparin in reducing antithrombotic activity
Prothrombin time Test given to determine the effectiveness of warfarin in reducing clotting time
Refractory period Time between contractiond that it takes for repolarization to occur
Repolarization Period of time when the heart is recharging and preparing for another contraction
Rhabdomyolysis Breakdown of muscle fibers and release muscle fiber contents into the circulation
Stenosis Stiffening and narrowing of artey walls
Supraventricular Tachycardia Heart rate up to 200 beats per minute that originates in an area above the ventricles
Thrombolytic Medication used to break up a thrombosis or blood clot
Thrombotic stroke Stroke caused by thrombosis
Tissue plasminogen activater Naturally occurring thrombolytic substance
Transient Ischemic Attack Stroke that typically last for a few minutes
Triglycerides Storage form of energy found in fat tissue muscle
Ventricular fibrillation Life-threatening arrythmia where the heart beats up to 600 beats per minute
Ventricular Tachycardia Vnetricles beat faster than 200 beats per minute
Created by: 1662466248