Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove Ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Nur210 Infection

Pharmacology infection

QuestionAnswer
What are lines of defense against infection? Individual immunity - heredity Nutrition Anatomical - good barriers (skin, mucus membranes, cilia) Biochemical - acidic environment (stomach) Mechanical - coughing, sneezing Immune system status
What types of WBCs are there? Neutrophils - first responders Eosinophils - allergies Basophils - healing Lymphocytes - late (weeks) Monocytes - chronic (months)
What are local signs of an inflammatory reaction? Redness, swelling, warmth, pain
What are systemic signs of inflammation? Leukocytes - high WBC count General malaise and fatigue Fever Confusion in older adult Enlarged lymph nodes
What are some causes of nosocomial infections? Invasive procedures Antibiotic administration Exposure to multi-drug resistant organisms Failure to follow standard precautions Heredity Nutritional deficiencies
What are some nursing interventions for infection? Monitor temperature, vital signs, color, WBC count, LOC, energy level Actions - wash hands, standard precautions, surgical asepsis, immunizations Teaching - immunizations/infection
What needs to be considered in selection of antibiotics? Identify organism (C & S) Drug sensitivity of organism - MIC Host factors - look at patient; don't use a med that is excreted by kidney on someone with kidney issues Allergy Penetration to site of infection
What are nursing implications of antibiotic therapy? Baseline assessment Monitoring therapy Nursing actions Patient education - take on empty stomach
What are properties of "cillins?" Bacteriocidal Weaken the cell wall Prone to bacterial resistance Some are narrow spectrum, some are broad spectrum
What are some "cillin" nursing interventions? Monitor for allergic reactions Take on empty stomach Avoid foods that have a lot of acid Complete course of antibiotics Can give to people with meningitis - crosses BBB
What are the types of penicillin allergies? Immediate (2-30 minutes) Accelerated (1-72 hours) Late (days or weeks) Interventions - stop the treatment, provide respiratory support, give antihistamine (Benadryl)
What are some properties of cephalosporins? Penicillin's cousin Bactericidal Beta-lactam antibiotic Grouped in 4 generations
What are ADRs of cephalosporins? Allergy similar to penicillins Bleeding Thrombophlebitis Most are given IV because they don't absorb well from stomach Do not give IM - painful
What are properties of aminoglycosides? Narrow spectrum antibiotic Bactericidal - disrupt protein synthesis Used against aerobic gram-negative bacilli (E. coli and Pseudomonas) Tobramycin and Gentamycin
What are ADRs of aminoglycosides? Nephrotoxicity Ototoxicity Not absorbed well via GI tract, so given IV Very narrow spectrum - need to do peaks and troughs
What are properties of sulfonamides and trimethoprim (Bactrim)? Given for UTIs, CA-MRSA Broad spectrum antibiotic Bacteriostatic Inhibits folic acid
What are ADRs of sulfonamides and trimethoprim? Hypersensitivity - photosensitive Blood dyscrasias - bleeding disorders Rash
What are properties of tetracyclines? Broad spectrum Bacteriostatic Take on empty stomach Cannot take with milk; will bind with Ca2+, Fe3+, Mg2+, Al3+, Zn2+, and not be absorbed at all
What are ADRs of tetracyclines? Photosensitivity Stain teeth (yellow or brown)
What are properties of Macrolides? Type of tetracycline Erythromycin Viaxin Z-pack Broad spectrum Bacteriostatic Use if allergic to penicillin
What are ADRs of erythromycin? GI - causes nausea and vomiting Do not use if you have a liver problem
Created by: ssbourbon