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Nur210 Sleep

Pharmacoloty sleep

What are some nursing interventions to promote sleep? Environmental changes - lights off, limit noise and unnecessary disturbances Bedtime routines Promote comfort - pain meds, empty bladder Stress reduction - deep breathing, massage Bedtime snacks - carbohydrates
What are ways to assess sleep? Subjective - ask the client Weekly sleep diary
What are some factors that affect sleep? Drugs and substances Lifestyle Societal changes Stress Sleep environment (sleep hygiene) Exercise Food intake
What are some disorders of sleep? Insomnia - affects 50% of adults; usually associated with another condition Treatment - hypnotic medications; cognitive behavioral therapy Sleep deprivation - can cause weight gain, impaired memory, digestive problems, slowed response time, etc.
How do sleep requirements vary from neonates to adolescents? Neonates - sleep 16 hours/day; REM sleep much longer Infants - 15 hours/day; REM decreases Preschool - 12 hours/night; REM at adult level School age - more sleep variation Adolescents - sleep drastically decreases
How do sleep requirements vary from young adults to older adults? Young adults - lot of sleep variation Middle adults - sleep needs start to decline Older adults - less of stages 3 and 4 sleep; REM also decreases
What are the stages of sleep? Stage 1 - light sleep (4-5%) Stage 2 - light sleep (45-55%) Stage 3 - deep sleep begins (4-6%) Stage 4 - very deep sleep (12-15%) Stage 5 - REM sleep (20-25%) Need stages 3 and 4 to feel rested Cycle lasts 90 minutes; can have multiple cycles/night
Created by: ssbourbon