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PHM Term week 2


Aldosterone Hormone released from adrenal cortex that causes the retention of sodium
Angiotensin Potent vasoconstrictor
Angiotensin-coverting enzyme Enzyme that catalyzes the conversion angiotensin I to angiotensin II
Atheromas Hard plaque formed with an artery
Automaticity Spotaneous depolarization of heart cells
Body mass index Measure of human body size and proportion
Cardiac output Volume of blood ejected from the left ventricle in one minute
Cardioglycosides Class of drugs derived from the foxglove plant
Diastolic blood pressure Measure of blood pressure when the heart is at rest
Digitalization Method of dosage with cardioglycosides that rapidly produces effective drug levels
Ejection fraction Percentage of blood ejected from the left ventricle with each heart beat
Gynecomastia Painful breast enlargement in men
Heart failure Clinical syndrome in which the heart is unable to pump blood at a rate to meet the body's metabolic needs
Hirsutism Excessive hair growth in woman
Hyperkalemia Excessive serum potassium levels
Hypernatremia Excessive serum sodium levels
Hyperuricemia Increased uric acid levels in the blood produced by some diuretics
Hypokalemia Deficient serum potassium levels
Hyponatremia Deficient serum sodium levels
Ischemia Deficient blood supply to an area of the body
Ishemic heart disease Condition is which heart muscle is damaged because of an absence of blood supply
Metabolic syndrome Risk factor of hypertension that promotes the development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease
Natriuretic peptides Hormones that play a role in cardiac homeostasis
Necrosis Cell death that may be caused by lack of blood and oxygen
Nocturia Nighttime urination
Orthostatic hypotension Sudden drop in blood pressure that occurs hwen arising from lying down or sittin to standing
Peripheral vascular resistance Resistance to the flow of blood in peripheral arterial vessels
Photosensitivity Increased sensitivity to sun exposure that can result in sunburn
Plaque Hardened lipid streak with an artery
Positive Inotropic effect Increase in the force of myocardial contractiions
Preeclampsia Sudden rise in blood pressure, excessive weight gain, generalized edema, proteinuria, severe headache, and visual disturbances occuring in late pregnancy
Prehypertension Systolic blood pressure ranging between 120 and 139 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure ranging between 80 and 89 mm Hg
Renin-Aldosterone-angiotensin system Syatem that is activated when there is a drop in renal blood flow that increases blood volume, blood flow to the kidney, vasoconstriction, and blood pressure
Stroke volume Equal to the volume of blood ejected by the left ventricle during each cardiac contraction minus the volume of blood in the ventricle at the end of systole
Systolic blood pressure Measure of pressure when the heart's ventricles are contracting
Thrombus Stationary blood clot
Vasospasm Spasms that constrict blood vessels and reduce the flow of blood and oxygen
Created by: 1662466248



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