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HMS 6th Geography

Key Terms for maps and globes and five themes of geography

TermDefinition
name the world's continents North America, South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Antarctica, and Australia
name the world's oceans Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, Arctic Ocean, Southern Ocean
hemispheres Dividing the earth into halves
equator The imaginary line that circles the earth half way between the North Pole and South Pole
Prime Meridian The line of longitude marked 0 degrees from which geographers measure distance east and west
cardinal directions North, East, South, West
latitude Line of Latitude run EAST and WEST, but measure NORTH and SOUTH
longitude Lines of Longitude run NORTH and SOUTH but measure EAST and WEST
compass rose A symbol on a map showing the four directions (north, south, east, west)
map key / legend Drawn on a map to show symbols for roads, cities, places of interest and elevation; includes maps' symbols with their explanations
scale Relative size as shown on a map - An example = 1 inch = 100 miles
capital a city serving as a seat of government
political map A map showing mostly political divisions, such as national or state boundaries, important cities, and capitals
physical map A map that shows mostly the natural features of the earth, such as lakes, rivers, mountains, and deserts
distribution map a map that shows how things like population, rainfall, language, and religion are distributed
politics activities associated with the government of a country or nation
climate A description of a pattern of weather that an area has over a long period of time
intermediate directions Northeast, Northwest, Southeast, Southwest
city A place in which people live that is larger or more important than a town
continent A large land mass
Location Where a place is, its position on earth (ex. Longitude & Latitude)
Description of Place Explains the characteristics of a place
Movement The way people, ideas, and goods get from place to place
Human-Environment Interaction The way that people affect and are affected by the place where they live
Region An area with common physical or cultural features that make it different from other areas
Created by: teachss
 

 



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