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Merrill Chpt 4

Gen Proc Guideline Digits, Hands,Wrists, Forearm,& Elbow

The 2 step process in patient preparation? Artifacts removal from anatomy of interest, and Secure all patient possessions in designated manner and location
General patient positioning for ambulatory patients receiving wrist, hand, digits, forearm, & elbow radiographs Seated at end of x-ray table. Affected limb resting on IR placed on tabletop
General patient positioning for non-ambulatory patients receiving wrist, hand, digits, forearm, or elbow radiographs? Alter positioning to maximize patient comfort. In w/c or on bed
Collimation is critical for what reason(s)? Ethical radiation protection. Optimum image quality
T/F: Just like in film/screen, it's optimal when using CR or DR to place 2 images per IR. False. ONE exposure/IR since they are more sensitive to scatter than Film/Screen
Is IR/Collimation field size is a general procedural guideline? Should you always use the smallest of the recommended IR? Yes. Yes
T/F: SID is a standardized part of procedural guidelines? True
When SID is not specified under a projection, what is the recommendation for upper limbs? Merrill’s Atlas recommends 40 inches (102 cm)
T/F: Digital annotation of L/R markers is acceptable? False
Of the following General Procedural Guidelines, what guidelines are missing? General patient position IR/Collimated field size Source–to–image-receptor distance (SID) ID markers Radiation protection Patient preparation. Patient instructions
T/F: Shield pediatric patients and patients of reproductive age True
Optimum technique is good radiation protection practice, what is another? Close collimation
When explaining a position to a patient isn't sufficient, what is a good second option in patient instructions? Demonstration
Breathing instructions is/is not required for digit, hand, and wrist radiographs Is not
Humerus examinations require the patient to _____ ______ during the exposure Suspend respiration
Some facilities allow the collimated field to be aligned ______on the IR to accommodate long bones of the _________ Diagonally. Humerus
Humerus radiographs may be obtained with the patient _____ or _____ _____ or in ___ position on the radiographic table or on a stretcher Standing. Seated upright. Supine
Humerus examinations require removal of ___ in female patients and a ____provided Bra. Gown
T/F: After the patient’s anatomy has been placed in the proper position, it is usually sufficient to remind the patient to hold the position until given further instructions? True
T/F: Shielding is required for pediatric patients and patients of reproductive age True
Shield patients if they request shielding and when they are ______ at _____? Seated at XR table
The 3 types of shielding are? Contact, shadow, & large part shields
Created by: swisscheese