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chapter 6

the digestive system

TermDefinition
or/o mouth
stomat/o mouth
gloss/o tongue
lingu/a tongue
bucc/o cheek
cheil/o lip
labi/o lip
dent/o teeth
odont/o teeth
gingiv/o gum
sial/o saliva
esophago/p esophagus
pharyng/o pharynx
gastro/o stomach
pylor/o pylorus
enter/o intestine
duoden/o duodenum
jejun/o jejunum
ile/o ileum
append/o appendix
appendic/o appendix
col/o colon
colon/o colon
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
rect/o rectum
proct/o anus or rectum
an/o anus
pancreat/o pancreas
hepat/o liver
chol/e bile
cholangi/o bile vessel
cholecyst/o gall bladder
gastroenterology study of diseases of digestive system
gastroenterologist a physician specialized in the diagnosis of the digestive system
gastritis inflammation of the wall of the stomach
gastroenteritis inflammation of stomach and intestine
gastro esophageal reflux disease= GERD backflow of gastric contents into the esophagus
halitosis bad breath
peptic ulcer wound in the stomach or duodenum
pyloric stenosis narrowing of the pyloric sphincter
dysphagia difficulty swallowing
dyspepsia indigestion (bad digestion)
irritable bowel syndrome IBS abdominal pain, diarrhea, or constipation
malabsorption syndrome inadequate absorption of nutrients
hepatitis inflammation of the liver
liver cirrhosis liver cells replaced by fibrous/ scar tissue
cholecystitis inflammation of the gall bladder
cholelithiasis stones in the gall bladder/ bile duct
appendicitis inflammation of the appendix
colitis inflammation of the colon
diverticulosis small pockets in the large intestine
dysentary severe inflammation of the intestine
hemorrhoids dilated veins in the anal canal
eructation producing gas from stomach
flatus passing of gas from anus
regurgitation vomiting
steatorrhea passage of fat in the feces
hematemesis vomiting of blood
melena passage of dark digested blood with stools
diarrhea frequent bowel movement with loose stools
constipation infrequent bowel movement with hard dry stools
anorexia loss of appetite
cachexia severe loss of weight due to lack of nutrition
ascites accumulation of fluids in the peritoneal cavity
borborygmus gurgling sounds in the intestine due to the passage of gas
endoscopy viewing of the inside of the body
esophagoscopy visual examination of the esophagus
gastroscopy visual examination of the stomach
duodenoscopy visual examination of the duodenum
esophago gastro duodeno scopy EGD visual examination of esophagus, stomach, duodenum
colonoscopy visual examination of the colon
sigmoidoscopy visual examination of the sigmoid colon
proctoscopy visual examination of the rectum and anus
barium swallow radio graphic examination of the upper gi series
barium enema radio graphic examination of the lower gi series (barium through enema)
cholecystography radio graphic exam of the gall bladder
sialography radio graphic exam of salivary glands
computerized tomography CT imaging at different angles
ultrasonography imaging using high frequency sound waves
liver function tests measuring the level of some enzymes in the blood
serum bilirubin measuring the level of billirubin (high levels indicate poor liver function)
hepatitis panel blood tests to diagnose hepatitis
hemoccult test test to detect traces of blood in the feces
stool culture growing bacteria in a sample of stools to identify their type
appendectomy surgical removal of the appendix
cholecystectomy surgical removal of the gall bladder
polypectomy surgical removal of a polyp
colectomy surgical removal of the colon
colostomy creating an opening in the colon
nasogastric tube NG feeding patients who are unable to swallow
Ba barium
Bae barium enema
BM bowel movement
EGD esophago gastro duodeno scopy
GB GALL BLADDER
GERD GASTRO ESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE
GI GASTROINTESTINAL
HAV HEPATITIS A VIRUS
HBV HEPATITIS B VIRUS
HCV HEPATITIS C VIRUS
IBS IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME
NG NASO GASTRIC
PUD PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE
TPN TOTAL PARENTERAL NUTRITION
UGI UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL SERIES
CT COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY
CT SCAN COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY SCAN
PO BY MOUTH
NPO NOTHING BY MOUTH
AC BEFORE MEALS
PC,PP AFTER MEALS
STAT IMMEDIATELY
PRN AS NEEDED
BID TWICE A DAY
TID THREE TIMES A DAY
QID FOUR TIMES A DAY
QAM EVERY MORNING
QPM EVERY NIGHT
QH EVERY HOUR
Q2H EVERY 2 HOUR
QOD EVERY OTHER DAY
Created by: xmarweex