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What are the 2 systems of the Circulatory System? 1)Blood-Vascular System 2)Lymphatic System
The major circulatory system is the ____________ system and the minor is the __________ system. Blood-vascular; Lymphatic
The lymphatic system collects ________ or _______ from the _________ spaces. Fluid; Lymph; Tissue
Both systems of circulation carry _________ and ___________ material to the __________. Oxygen; Nutritive; Tissues
Both systems of circulation also collect and transport ____________ and other metabolic wastes to the organs of _____________. Carbon Dioxide; Excretion
Name 4 organs of excretion: Skin, Lungs, Liver, Kidneys
The central organ of the blood vascular system is the __________. Heart
The heart has ___________ chambers divided by a __________. 4; Septum
The muscular wall of the heart is the ____________. Myocardium
The INNER lining of the heart is the ____________. Endocardium
The thin membrane covering the heart is the ____________. Epicardium
The double-walled outermost covering of the heart is the _______________. Pericardium
The right side of the heart handles ___________ or _____________ __________. Venous; Deoxygenated blood
The left side of the heart handles ____________ or ________________ blood. Arterial; Oxygenated blood
The coronary arteries supply what? Blood to the myocardium of the heart
The general term referring to radiologic examinations of vascular structures after introduction of contrast: Angiography
The radiologic examination of arteries via contrast injection: Arteriography
The radiologic examination of the veins via contrast injection: Venography
What is the most commonly used contrast medium? Water-Soluble iodinated contrast
3 reasons that nonionic contrast is used: 1)Fewer physiologic side effects 2)Fewer allergic reactions 3)Less nephrotoxic
_____________ concentration used for ____________ ______________. Different; Different procedures
What is the most commonly used radiographic equipment for angiography? Digital
____________ ____________ is widely used and allows for better visualization of contrast filled vascular structures by instantly _____________ ____________ structures. Digital Subtraction; Subtracting bony
_____________ still used in cardiac catheterization procedures to provide images in a _______________ ______ format. Cinefluorography; Movie IR
The most commonly used method of catheterization is the ____________ technique. Seldinger
Catheterization is performed under ___________ technique. Sterile
The most common site for catheter injection is the ____________ ____________. Femoral Artery
There are fewer possibilities of _____________ formation with a __________ ___________ versus a _____________ technique. Thrombosis; Direct Injection; Catheterization
How are 3D images obtained? Bi-plane imaging by exposure from 2 planes.
Radiographic examination of vascular structures of the brain are called: Cerebral Angiography
What supplies oxygenated blood to the brain? Anterior Circulation: Left & Right Common Carotid arteries Posterior Circulation: Left & Right Vertebral Arteries
The Common Carotid arteries branch into __________ and ______________ at the level of ________. Internal and External; C-4
The Internal Carotid arteries enter the brain through what foramen of what bone? Carotid Foramen; Temporal Bone
The Aortic Arch branches the oxygenated blood supply beginning on the left side of the arch with what? Left Subclavian Artery
The Subclavian arteries branch off to supply what? The left and right vertebral arteries
Beginning closest to the heart list the Aortic Arch branches. Left Subclavian; Left Common Carotid; Brachiocephalic
The Brachiocephalic Artery branches into what other 2 arteries? Right Common Carotid and Right Subclavian
Where do the Coronary Arteries stem from? The Descending portion of the Aortic Arch (Right Coronary on the right and left coronary on the left)
Where is the injection site for upper limb venography? Superficial vein in the hand or wrist.
For upper limb venography, images are obtained up to what level? Superior Vena Cava
What veins are demonstrated in upper limb venography? Cephalic, Basilic and Subclavian Veins
3 purposes of Upper and Lower Limb Venography: Visualize: 1) Thrombophlebitis ; 2) Varicose Veins ; 3) Vessel Damage secondary to trauma
The process for lower limb venography requires the patient (if possible) in what position? Semi-Erect Position (45 degrees if possible)
Where is the contrast injected in lower limb venography? Superficial Vein in the Foot
Imaging for lower limb Venography should begin at the ___________ and proceed ___________ to include the ___________________. Ankle; Superiorly; Inferior Vena Cava
Created by: foster1317