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Merrill Chpt 3

Radiographic Positioning/Anatomic Relationship Terms Part 4

QuestionAnswer
Define Projection The path of the central ray as it exits the x-ray tube, passing through the patient to the IR
Define Position Overall posture of patient or general body position.
Define View The body part as it's seen from the perspective of the IR
Define Method A specific radiologic projection developed by an individual
Is AP a projection, position, or view? Projection
Is Supine a projection, position, or view? Position
Is Upright a projection, position, or view? Position
Is AP Axial a projection, position, or view? Projection
Is Lordotic a projection, position, or view? View
Is Recumbent a projection, position, or view? Position
Is Tangential a projection, position, or view? Projection
Is AP Oblique a projection, position, or view? Projection
Is Dorsoplantar a projection, position, or view? Projection
Is Left Lateral a projection, position, or view? View
Is Transthoracic a projection, position, or view? Projection
Is Trendelenburg a projection, position, or view? Position
Is Parietoacanthial a projection, position, or view? Projection
Is Right Anterior Oblique a projection, position, or view? View
Is Right Lateral Decubitus a projection, position, or view? View
AP projection is described as Central ray enters anterior & exits posterior
PA projection is described as Central ray enters posterior & exits anterior
Axial projection is described as Longitudinal angle of the central ray of 10 degrees or more
Lateral projection is described as Central ray enter the side or lateral aspect of the body/part & exits other side
Oblique projection is described as Central ray enters body/part from side angle into anterior or posterior
Tangential projection is described as Central ray is directed toward the outer margin of curved body to profile a body part and protect it free of superimposition
Prone position (ventral recumbent) is described as Lying face down
Supine position (dorsal recumbent) is described as Lying on the back
Recumbent position is described as Lying down in any position
Upright position is described as Erect or marked by a vertical position
Trendelenburg's position is described as Lying supine with head lower than feet
Fowler's position is described as Lying supine with head higher than the feet
Forward or front part of body/part describes? Anterior (ventral)
Back part of body/part describes? Posterior (dorsal)
Describe Caudad Parts away from the head of body
Describe Cephalad Parts toward the head
Nearer the head or situated above describes? Superior
Nearer the feet or situated below? Interior
Mid area or main part of an organ describes? Central
At or near the surface, edge, or outside of another body part describes? Peripheral
Describe Medial Toward the median plane of the body or toward the middle of a body part
Away from the median plane or away from the middle of a part? Lateral
Describe Superficial Near the skin or surface
Far from the surface describes, A. Superficial; B. Deep; C. Distal B. Deep
Farthest from the point of attachment or origin describes? Distal
Describe Proximal Nearer to the point of attachment or origin
Outside the body or part describes? External
Inside the body or part describes? Internal
What structure is proximal to the wrist; A. Metacarpals; B. Phalanges; C. Elbow C. Elbow
Is the ankle A. proximal or B. distal to the knee? B. Distal
Is the heart A. anterior or B. posterior to the spine? A. Anterior
Point to the medial surface of your forearm. Is the thumb on the medial or lateral side of the hand? Lateral
Describe Parietal The wall or lining of a body cavity
The covering of an organ describes? Visceral
Parts on the same side of the body is considered? Ipsilateral
Contralateral is described as Parts on the opposite side of the body
Anatomic description for Palmar is? Palm of the hand
Anatomic term for sole of the foot? Plantar
Dorsum is described as Anterior, or top of the foot, or back of the hand
Projection is identified by the _____and_____points of the body Entrance and exit
What term also refers to the specific placement of the body or part in relation to the table or IR? Position
What term is the exact opposite of projection, and is the preferred term used in the US? View
What is the projection were the CR is directed along the outer margin of a curved body surface? Tangential
What is the projection were the CR enters one side of the body, passing transversely along the coronal plane? Lateral
What is the projection were the CR enters from side angle; entrance/exit surfaces still specified (AP ____) Oblique
Seated position is described as Upright, but sitting on a stool
What position is described as recumbent with patient lying on left anterior side with left leg extended and right knee and thigh partially flexed? Sims
What position describes supine with knees and hips flexed and thighs abducted and rotated externally, supported by ankle supports? Lithotomy
Lateral position is described as being named according to the side of the patient that is placed closer to the IR
Position described as the body is rotated so that the coronal plane is not parallel with the table or IR? Oblique
What position has an angle of rotation that's specific for anatomy of interest? Oblique
RPO, LPO, RAO, LAO or all abbreviations for what position? Oblique
What position is named according to side and surface of body closer to table or IR Oblique
What is a common position? Decubitus
What position is recumbent with a horizontal CR? Decubitus
What position is named according to the BODY SURFACE on which the patient is lying? Decubitus
What position is upright in which the patient is leaning backward? Lordotic
Created by: swisscheese