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Medical Term Roots

QuestionAnswer
gastr/o stomach
hepat/o liver
aden/o gland
cardi/o heart
adip/o fat
lip/o fat
steat/o fat
axill/o armpit
bi/o life
cephal/o head
cervic/o neck
cyt/o cell
hist/o tissue
histi/o tissue
path/o disease
vicer/o internal organs
cili/o hair
pil/o hair
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
cutane/o skin
onych/o nail
ungu/o nail
arthr/o joint
articul/o joint
chondr/o cartilage
crani/o skull
cost/o rib
myel/o bone marrow;spinal cord
oste/o bone
pelv/o pelvis
pelv/i pelvis
spin/o spine;spinal column;backbone
vertebr/o vertebra
spondyl/o vertebra
my/o muscle
muscul/o muscle
tend/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
blephar/o eyelid
cerebr/o brain
encephal/o brain
neur/o nerve
ophthalm/o eye
ocul/o eye
ot/o ear
aden/o gland
adren/o adrenal gland
parathyroid/o parathyroid gland
pituitar/o pituitary gland
thyroid/o thyroid gland
angi/o vessel
vascul/o vessel
vas/o vessel
arteri/o artery
cardi/o heart
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
ven/o vein
phelb/o vein
adenoid/o adenoids
lymph/o lymph
lymphaden/o lymph glands;lymph nodes
lymphangi/o lymph vessels
splen/o spleen
tonsill/o tonsils
alveol/o air sac; alveolus
bronch/o bronchus
bronchi/o bronchus
bronchiol/o small bronchial tudes
laryng/o voice box;larynx
nas/o nose
rhin/o nose
pharyng/o throat;pharynx
phren/o diaphragm
pneum/o lungs
pneumon/o lungs
pulmon/o lungs
thorac/o chest
trache/o wind pipe;trachea
abdomin/o abdomen
cheil/o lips
col/o colon;large intestine
enter/o small intestine
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
gloss/o tongue
lingu/o tongue
hepat/o liver
or/o mouth
stomat/o mouth
pharyng/o throat;pharynx
rect/o rectum
cyst/o bladder
ren/o kidneys
nephr/o kidneys
ureter/o ureters
urethr/o urethra
epididym/o epididymis
orchid/o testicle;testis
test/o testicle;testis
testicul/o testicle;testis
phall/o penis
prostat/o prostate gland
vas/o ductus(vas)deferens
colp/o vagina
vagin/o vagina
gynec/o female
mast/o breast
mamm/o breast
oophor/o ovary
ovari/o ovary
salping/o fallopian tubes;uterine tubes
uter/o uterus
hyster/o uterus
metr/o uterus
vulv/o vulva;external genitalia
acr/o top extremities
carcin/o cancer
don/o donates
glyc/o sugar
pharmac/o drug
physi/o nature
practition/o practice
sect/o cut
cellul/o cell
cis/o to cut
comat/o deep sleep
digest/o digestion
duct/o to draw
later/o side;lateral
nat/o birth
sept/o infection
son/o sound
anter/o front
caud/o tail
dors/o back
infer/o inferior
inguin/o groin
phren/o diaphragm
poster/o posterior
proxim/o near
super/o superior
ventr/o front
gastr/o stomach
ili/o hip
cry/o cold
leuk/o white
papill/o nipple like
scler/o hardening
xer/o dry
albin/o white
adip/o fat
cyan/o blue;bluish
diaphor/e profuse sweating
electr/o electric
epitheli/o covering
erythemat/o red
erythr/o red
hidr/o sweat
karat/o hard;hornlike
keratin/o hard;hornlike
melan/o black
myc/o fungus
necr/o death
py/o pus
ras/o scrape
rhytid/o wrinkle
seb/o sebum
carcin/o cancerous
kyph/o humpback
lord/o swayback
ped/o child
scoli/o curved
tempor/o temporal bone
osse/o bone
crani/o skull
faci/o face
mandibul/o mandible;lower jaw
maxill/o maxilla; upper jaw
stern/o sternum;breastbone
xiph/o sword
coccyg/o coccyx;tailbone
lumb/o lower back;loin
sacr/o sacrum
thorac/o chest
clavicul/o clavicle;collarbone
scapul/o scapula
brachi/o arm
carp/o wrist
olecran/o olecranon;elbow
phalang/o phalanx;one of the bones making up the fingers or toes
radi/o radius
uln/o ulnar; one of the bones of the lower arm
acetabul/o acetabulum;hip socket
calcane/o heel
femor/o femur;thigh bone
fibul/o fibula
patell/a patella;kneecap
patell/o patella;kneecap
tibi/o tibia;shin
burs/o bursa;sac filled with synovial fluid located around joints
flex/o bend
pronati/o facing backward
supinati/o facing farward
tens/o stretch
ton/o tone;tension
fasci/o fascia(band of tissue surrounding the muscle)
kinesi/o movement
lei/o smooth
myos/o muscle
rhabd/o rod shaped;striped;striated
tenosynovi/o tendon sheath (covering of a tendon)
ech/o sound
gli/o glue
myelin/o myelin sheath
tom/o to cut
cerebell/o cerebellum
hydr/o water
cortic/o cortex;outer covering
dur/o dura matter(one of the membranes surrounding the brain)
magnet/o magnet
resonance magnification
imaging a picture
mening/o meninges;membrane
poli/o gray
radicul/o nerve roots
tap draining of fluid
thalam/o thalamus
ventricul/o ventricles
Created by: saw4study
 

 



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