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Geography: Unit One

Physical Features

Archipelago a group of many islands
basin an area of land largely enclosed by higher land.
bay part of a body of salt water that reaches into the land; usually smaller than a gulf
branch (tributary) a river or stream that flows into a larger river or stream
canal a man-made waterway connecting two bodies of water and is designed to shorten travel time or irrigate
canyon narrow valley with steep sides; usually created by erosion
cape a curved or hooked piece of land extending into a body of water
channel a narrow deep waterway connecting two larger bodies of water; the deepest part of the waterway.
cliff a high, steep slope of rock or soil
coast land along the sea or ocean
continent one of the seven largest bodies of land on earth
continental shelf plateau of land surface into the ocean but underwater
delta land built up by deposits of sand and silt at the mouth of some rivers
desert dry, barren region usually sandy and without trees, little rainfall or practical use of land unless irrigated
divide the highest ridge of land separating river basins
fault a fracture in the rocks along which there has been movement
fjord a narrow inlet of the sea between high banks or cliffs created by glaciers
forest a large tract of land covered with trees and underbrush; extensive wooded area
gulf part of a sea or ocean that reaches into land; usually larger than a bay
hill a raised part of the earth’s surface with sloping sides; old mountain which because of erosion has become rounder and shorter
island an area of land completely surrounded by water
isthmus narrow strip of land with water on both sides connecting two larger pieces of land
lake a large body of water surrounded by land
mountain high, rocky land, usually with steep sides and a pointed or rounded top, higher than a hill
mountain range a long chain of mountains; a row of connected mountains
mouth (of a river) place where a river empties into a larger body of water; the end of a river
oasis a fertile place in the desert where there is water and some vegetation
ocean largest body of salt water; these cover 3/4 of the earth’s surface.
peninsula piece of land that extends into a body of water and is surrounded on three sides by water
plain a broad, flat or gently rolling area; usually low in elevation
plateau flat highland area with one steep face; elevated plain
reef a ridge of rock or sand at or near the surface of the water
river a large stream of water flowing through the land into a lake, ocean, or other body of water
sea a large body of water, usually salt water, partly or completely surrounded by land
strait a narrow waterway connecting two larger bodies of water
valley low land between hills or mountains
volcano a cone shaped mountain formed out of rock or ash thrown up from inside the earth, frequently with an opening or depression at the top
waterfall place where running water makes a sheer drop, usually over a cliff
Created by: bbys55