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Pharmaceutical Class

Pharmaceutical Classifications Anti-Hypertensives

these drugs are used to lower blood pressure through various mechanisms of action. Anti-Hypertensive Drugs
Lowers blood pressure by lowering cardiac output Alhpa blockers and Beta blockers
Toprol & Lopressor/metoprolol Tenormin/atenolol Betoptic/betaxolol Inderal/propranolol Timoptic/timolol are all listed as ______medications. Beta Blockers
Cadura/doxazosin Hytrin/terazosin Prazosin/minipress are all listed as ______medications. Alpha Blockers
Duretics sub-classes are: Thiazides Loop Potassium Sparing Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors Osmotic
Diuretics work by performing what action? decrease blood pressure by decreasing blood volume.
Thiazides work by performing what acttion? increase the excretion of Sodium and Chloride.
Loop Diuretics do what? generate a larger elimination response than that of the thiazides.
Potassium Sparing. One of its characteristcs: a weaker diuretic often used in conjunction with other diuretics.
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors function by interefering with the action of carbonic anhydrase in the kidney and also the eye.
Osmotic Diuretics Their action is solely through osmosis
Diuril/chlorothiazide HCTZ/hydrochlorothiazideare all listed as ______medications. Thiazides
Lasix/furosemide Edecrin/ethacrynic acid are all listed as ______medications. Loop diuretics
Dyazide/HCTZ & Triamterene combination are all listed as ______medications. Potassium Sparing
Diamox/acetazolamide Trusopt/dorzolamide Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors
Mannitol Glycerin are all listed as ______medications. Osmotic diuretic
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors will cause what actions on the blood vessels? relax the blood vessels and increases excretion of sodium and water.
Capoten/captopril Vasotec/enalapril Altace/ramipril Lotensin/benazepril Accupril/quinapril Monopril/fosinopril are all listed as ______medications. ACE Inhibitors
Calcium Channel Blockers function by blocking the movement of calcium ions into cell membranes and cause vasodilation.
Calcium Channel Blockers. Name the different medications Procardia/nifedipine Isoptin/verapamil Norvasc/amlodipine AdalatCC/nifedipine ER
Centrally Acting Alpha-Adrenergic Blockers are used for what type of patient? used in patients with moderate to severe hypertension.
Centrally Acting Alpha-Adrenergic Blockers. Give the name of the brand and generic medication Castapres/clonidine
Anticonvulsants work by Reduce Seizures by reducing the excitability of the brain's neurons.
Dilantin/phenytoin are all listed as ______medications. Anti-Convulsant
Tegretol/carbamazepine are all listed as ______medications. Anti-Convulsant
Divalproex are all listed as ______medications. Anti-Convulsant
Anti-Diabetics These drugs do not cure, but merely treats the disease and symptoms in various ways.
Insulins replaces insulin not created by the pancreas
Sulfonylureas work by increasing insulin release by the pancreas. There are two generations of Sulfonylureas drugs. Name the 1st generation's brand and generic names. DiaBeta/glyburide and Glucotrol/glipizide
Sulfonylureas work by increasing insulin release by the pancreas. They have two generations assigned to them. Name the brand and generic for the 2nd generation medications. Dymelor/acetohexamide and Diabinese/chlorpropamide
Biguanides function by decreases the absorption of glucose and glucose output from the liver.
Biguanides. Give the brand and generic name for the medication listed as a Biguanide. Glucophage/metaformin
Thiazolidinediones will lowers blood glucose by increasing insulin sensitivity.
Troglitazone is the name of a______drug. Thiazolidinediones.
Anti-Hyperlipidemics These drugs are used to lower cholesterol and triglycerides.
Bile Acid Sequestrant prevents prevents the reabsorption of bile back into the body thus leading to lower LDL and total cholesterol.
Bile Acid Sequestrants prevents the reabsorption of bile back into the body thus leading to lower LDL and total cholesterol
Bile Acid Sequestrant name of the medication(s) Colestid/colestipol and Questran/cholestyramine
HMG Co-A Reductase Inhibitors will prevent cholesterol from being synthesized.
HMG Co-A Reductase Inhibitors. Give the names of the brand and generic drugs. Mevacor/lovastatin Pravacol/pravastatin Zocor/simvastatin Lipitor/atorvastatin Lescol/Fluvastatin Crestor/rosuvastatin
Fibric Acid Derivatives. What do they do? these drugs lower triglycerides and elevate HDL.
Fibric Acid Derivatives. Give the name of the brand and generic medication. Tricor/fenofibrate Lopid/gemfibrozil
Anti-Infectives. What do they do? these drugs either kill an infectious agent or inhibit it from spreading
Penicillins. What do they do? Eliminate infection causeing bacteria. They are bactericidal (to kill).
Penicillins. Give the names of the drugs Diclox/dicloxacillin, Pen Vee-K/penicillins & Potassium Ampicillin/ampicillin Amoxil/amoxicillin
Cephalosporins. What do they do? eliminate infection causing bacteria. bacteridcidal (to kill). This group is divided into generations based on their improved activity.
First Generation cephalosporins is effective against Keflex/cephalexin most active agains gram-positive aerobes
Second Generation cephalosporins is effective against Cefotan/cefotetan Improved activity over first generation
Third Generation cephalosporins is effective against Cedax/ceftibuten,Cefdinir/omnnicef Active against serious gram negative infections
Fourth Generation cephalosporins is effective against Maxipime/cefepime Broad spectrum activity against both gram-negative and gram-positive
Fifth Generation Cephalosporins is effective against what? Teflaro/ceftaroline fosamil Effective against MRSA
Monobactams are used to treat what? used to treat severe infections
Monobactams. Give the name of the drug. Azactam/aztreonam
Glycopeptide antibiotics are used to treat___. used to treat intestinal infections that cause colitis
Glycopeptide antibiotics. Give the name of the medication. Vancocin/vancomycin
Quinolones/Fluoroquinolones are used primarily to treat what condition? Used primarily to treat UTI's
Quinolones/Fluoroquinolones. Give the names of the medications. Cipro/ciprofloxacin Levaquin/levofloxacin Avelox & Vigamox/moxifloxacin Trovan/trovafloxacin
Anti-Virals. How do they work? these drugs work by inhibiting a step in the viral replication process.
Macrolides/What do they do? These drugs are effective against a wide range of mocroorganisms and are primarily bacteriostatic (retarding bacteria growth)
Antacids/What do they do? neutralize existing stomach acids.Maalox, Mylanta
Gastric Mucosal Agents. What do they do and give the name of a Gastric Mucosal agent. form a protective layer on the mucosal lining. Carafate/sucralfate
Give the name(s) of some of the Histamine Receptor Antagonist medications. Tagamet/cimetidine, Zantac/ranitidine, Pepcid/famotidine
Proton Pump Inhibitors. What do they do? Interfere with gastric acid secretion. Prilosec/omeprazole, Nexium/esomeprazole, Protonix/pantoprazole
Anti-diarrheals, name of some of the medications Lomotil/diphenoxalate/atropine, Immodium/loperamide
Laxatives and Stool Softeners, name a few. Dulcolax/bisacodyl, Senekot/senna, Miralax, MOM
Give the name(s) of Anti-coagulation Agents various Heparins, Coumadin/warfarin
Give the name(s) of Anti-platelet Agents aspirin, Plavix/clopidogrel
Thyroid Hormones/Hypothyroid agents. How do they work? decrease cholesterol concentrations, stimulate the heart, increase metabolism of proteins and carbohydrates.
The name(s) of Thyroid Hormones/Hypothyroid agents Synhroid/levothyroxine
What is the function of Anti-anginals these drugs increase cardiac blood flow thus increasing oxygen supply while decreasing the workload of the heart, which decreases its demand for oxygen.
Name the different classes of Anti-anginal drugs Nitrates, Calcium Channel Blockers, Alpha and Beta Blockers, Antiarrhythmics.
What do Vasopressors do? these drugs are called Inotropes they increase the force of cardiac contraction.
How do Glycosides work? increase the force of contraction of the heart thus decreasing overall heart rate.
Name of the medication listed as a Glycoside Lanoxin/digoxin
Describe Skeletal Muscle Relaxants have sedative properties and often reduce pain rather than directly relaxing the muscle.
Give the name of the Brand and generic drug of a Skeletal Muscle Relaxant Soma/carisprodol
Created by: Pejae