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Terminology week 2


Absorption Taking in of nutrients and drugs from food and liquids
Additive effect Increased drug effect that is produced when a second similar drug is added to the therapy
Allegation Mathmatical method of solving problems that involves the mixing of solutions or solids possessing different percentage weighs
Antagonism Drug-drug interaction or drug-food interaction that causes decreased effects
Apothecary system System of measurement used in the practice of pharmacy to measure both volume and weight
Avoirdupois system System of measurement used in pharmacy for the determination of weight in ounces and pounds
Behind the counter Non-prescription drugs that are kept behind the pharmacy counter limiting dispensing
Bioequivalence Relationship between two drugs that have the same dosage and dosage form that have similar bioavailability
Bioavailability Degree to which a drug becomes available to the target tissue after administration
Diluent Inert product that is added to a preparation and reduces the strength of the original product
Dilution Process of adding a diluents or solvent to a compound, resulting in a product of increased volume or weight and lower concentration
Distribution Location of a medication throughout blood, organs, and tissue after administration
Drug Contraindication Condtions under which a drug is not indicated and should not be administered
Drug-disease contraindication Adminstration of the drug should be avoided because it may worsen the patient's medical condition
Drug-drug interaction Reaction that occurs when two or more drugs are administered at the same time
Drug-food interaction Altered drug response that occurs when a drug is administered with certain foods
Excretion Final elimination of a drug from the body via normal body process
Half-life Amount of time it takes a drug to be decreased by one half
Household system System of measurement that measures volumes using household utensils
Instill Place into; used for administration of ophthalmics or otics
International time 24-hour method of keeping time in which hours are not distinguished between AM and PM
International system of units System of measurement based upon multiples of 10
Medication error Error made in the process of prescribing, preparing, dispensing or administering drug therapy
Metabolism Processes by which the body breaks down medications to active or inactive substances
Metric system Approved system of measurement for pharmacy based on multiples of 10
Parenteral medication Medication administered by injection or topically that bypasses the gastrointestinal system
Pharmacokinetics Study of the absorption, metabolism, distribution and excretion of drugs
Potentiation Process where on drug increases the effect of another drug
Solvent Inert product that is added to a preparation and reduces the strength of the original product
Synergistic effects Interaction between two drugs that produce an effect that is greater than would be produced if either drug were administered alone
Therapeutic Duplication Administration of two drugs that produce similar effects and side effects
Volume Amount of liquid enclosed within a container
Created by: 1662466248



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